Eldoret is a principal town in the Rift Valley region of Kenya and serves as the capital of Uasin Gishu County. The town is colloquially known as ‘Sisibo’. As per the 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census,Eldoret is the fifth most populated urban area in the country after Nairobi, Mombasa, Nakuru and Ruiru. Lying south of the Cherangani Hills, the local elevation varies from about 2100 meters at the airport to more than 2700 meters in nearby areas (7000–9000 feet). The population was 289,380 in the 2009 Census, and it is currently the fastest growing town in Kenya with 475,716 people according to 2019 National Census.
The county’s name comes from the Illwuasin-kishu Maasai clan. The land was the grazing area of the clan. They surrendered the land to the colonial government in the Anglo-Maasai agreement of 1911, and were subsequently pushed towards Trans Mara District. The plateau that they once occupied was then registered in its Anglicised version, Uasin Gishu.
In 1903, the area was proposed as a potential Jewish homeland, as the British Uganda Programme. This proposal was rejected by the British Jewish community leaders.
In 1908, fifty eight families of Afrikaans-speaking South Africans settled in Uashin Gishu plateau. They were followed by sixty more families in 1911 and more later. The town of Eldoret was established in the midst of the farms they created.
Currently with the formation of IEBC (Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission) Uasin Gishu was divided newly into sub-county and wards. it has a total of six sub-county namely Turbo – with a Total of six wards, Kesses – With a Total of four wards, Moiben – With a Total of Five wards, Kapseret – with a total of five wards, Ainabkoi and Soy – With a Total of Seven wards.
Each Sub County has an administrative office incharge of it from the county Government, Wards administrators are in charge of wards and Sub County administrators admin the sub Counties,
Cherangani hills as viewed from farmlands near Karuna,Moiben, Uasin GishuKesses Reservoir
Uasin Gishu along with neighboring Trans-Nzoia, are considered Kenya’s breadbasket due to their large-scale maize and wheat farms which produce the bulk of the country’s total harvest.
The National Cereals Board has a cereal storage depot located at Moi’s Bridge town located in the north of the county, which consists of eight large silos with a capacity of approximately 5 million tonnes of grain. It is one of the largest in the country and plays a significant role in Kenya’s food security.
The county also produces sizable quantities of milk and horticultural produce. A wide variety of crops and animals are produced in smaller quantities.
The county has 1,728 operational fish ponds covering 486,000 m2 with annual fish production of 593,000 kg worth KShs 285,900,000. The county also has many private and public dams suitable for capture fisheries with an annual production of 33,048 kg worth KShs 9,914,400.
The county capital, Eldoret, is home to a vibrant textile industry as well as East Africa’s only manufacturer of small arms and ammunition. There is also a substantial agribusiness sector that makes use of the produce from the county and surrounding regions.
Eldoret is a major commercial center in western Kenya. Service industries like wholesale & retail trade, auto repair, entertainment centers and various IT services abound within and outside the town. Almost all Kenyan banks have a presence in the town and these act to service the region.
Tourism, sports tourism in particular, is a growing sub-sector in the county – the result of long term performances by athletes from the region.
Uasin Gishu has 300 kilometers of tarmac roads, 549 kilometers of murram roads and 377 kilometers of earth roads. It also has 17 kilometers of railway line with 8 railway stations in addition to an inland container depot. The Eldoret International Airport and two airstrips are also located in the county, all combining to make it the regions service hub.
The county has several universities including Moi University and the University of Eldoret, which have their main campuses in the county. Several technical and vocational institutes are also located in the county, including Eldoret National Polytechnic, Rift Valley Technical Training Institute, Kipkabus Technical Training Institute, Moiben Technical Training Institute, Kosyin Technical Training Institute, Chebororwa Agricultural Training Center, Tumaini and Technical Training Institute, amongst others.
List of all Elected Leaders in Uasin Gishu County 2017 – 2022
The Kenyan electorate participated in a peaceful election and chose leaders that they saw fit to serve them. Here is the full list of elected individuals to the various positions in Uasin Gishu County. Of interest are the many numbers of seats won by women and/or Independent candidates.
Governor – Jackson Mandago
Senator – Margaret Kamar
Women Rep – Gladys Boss Shollei
Members Of Parliament
WILLIAM KAMUREN CHIRCHIR CHEPKUT – MP Ainabkoi (Independent Candidate)
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HOSEAH KIBET KORIR – Kasaos Ward
RAMADHAN WERAMBO ALI(ODM) – Kiplombe Ward
DAVID KIPTOO SINGOEI – Ngenyilel Ward
SAMWEL KIPTOO CHOGE – Tapsagoi Ward
A total of 37 members were elected by the electorate to serve Uasin Gishu county. The number is meant to increase after the nomination of members county assembly.