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The Salaries and Remuneration Commission is a Kenya government Commission established under the Salaries & Remuneration Commission Act, 2011. Its independence is guaranteed in the Constitution of Kenya.
“The Commission was established when the fiscal sustainability of the wage bill; attraction and retention of requisite skills to execute public service functions; productivity and performance; and transparency and fairness in remuneration setting and review, is seriously in question.”
“It came at a time when the slow growth of the economy and the high cost of living has eroded the purchasing power of most workers. The Salaries and Remuneration Commission was established with a view to bringing order and sanity in salary setting.”
Role of Salaries and Remuneration Commission
Article 230(4) of the Kenyan Constitution says the powers and functions of the Salaries and Remuneration Commission (SRC) should be-
- to set and regularly review the remuneration and benefits of all State officers; and
- to advise the national and county governments on the remuneration and benefits of all other public officers.
For the definition of terms “state officer” and “public officer”, refer to the article entitled the difference between a public and state officer.
The functions of the commission as defined in the act that established it are:
- Inquire into and determine the salaries and remuneration to be paid out of public funds to State officers and other public officers
- Keep under review all matters relating to the salaries and remuneration of public officers;
- Advise the national and county governments on the harmonization, equity and fairness of remuneration for the attraction and retention of requisite skills in the public sector
- Conduct comparative surveys on the labour markets and trends in remuneration to determine the monetary worth of the jobs of public offices;
- Determine the cycle of salaries and remuneration review upon which Parliament may allocate adequate funds for implementation
- Make recommendations on matters relating to the salary and remuneration of a particular State or public officer
- Make recommendations on the review of pensions payable to holders of public offices
Notable Events and Proposals
On 7 October 2012, the commission declared a hefty exit package that MPs had awarded themselves illegal and indicated that it would move to court to block it.
Following extensive research in the United States, UK, Canada, Australia, South Africa, Tanzania and Rwanda, the commission released a new salary structure on 5 February 2013. The structure had significant cuts to the pay of state officers. They also appealed to the public to make their suggestions so that they can be taken into consideration.
Powers Of The Commission
Apart from the functions of the Salaries and Remuneration Commission, it should have powers to—
- gather, by any means appropriate, any information it considers relevant, including requisition of reports, records, documents or any information from any source, including governmental authorities;
- interview any individual, group or members of organizations or institutions and, at the Commission’s discretion, conduct such interviews;
- hold inquiries for the purposes of performing its functions under the SRC Act;
- take any measures it considers necessary to ensure that in the harmonization of salaries and remuneration, equity and fairness is achieved in the public sector.
In the performance of its functions, the Commission—
- may inform itself in such manner as it thinks fit;
- may receive written or oral statements from any person,
- governmental or non-governmental agency; and
- should not be bound by the strict rules of evidence.
Membership Of The Commission
Membership The Commission has one of the largest memberships of Commissioners drawn from a wide spectrum of stakeholder representatives. The current membership and representation of the Commission is as follows:
- Ms. Sarah Jepkemboi Chumo Serem (Chairperson)
- Daniel Ogutu representing the Public Service Commission
- Sellestine Kiuluku representing the Judicial Service Commission
- Serah kinyua representing the Teachers Service Commission
- Rtd Brig Samuel Ndururi representing the Defence Council
- Isaiah Kubai representing the Central Organisation of Trade Unions COTU
- Jacqueline Mugo representing Employers
- Ann Elizabeth Owuor representing Association of Professional Societies in East Africa
- Peter Oloo-Aringo representing the Parliamentary Service Commission
- Jason Namasake representing the Senate
- Joseph kinyua representing the Cabinet Secretary for Finance
- Titus Ndambuki representing the Cabinet Secretary for Public Service
- Wanjuki Muchemi representing the Attorney-General
The Salaries and Remuneration Commission consists of the following persons appointed by the President-
- a chairperson
- one person each nominated by the following bodies from among persons who are not members or employees of those bodies-
- the Parliamentary Service Commission;
- the Public Service Commission;
- the Judicial Service Commission;
- the Teachers Service Commission;
- the National Police Service Commission;
- the Defence Council; and
- the Senate, on behalf of the county governments;
- one person, each nominated by-
- an umbrella body representing trade unions;
- an umbrella body representing employers; and
- a joint forum of professional bodies represented by the Association of Professional Societies of East Africa;
- one person, each nominated by-
- the Cabinet Secretary responsible for finance; and
- the Attorney-General; and
- one person who has experience in the management of human resources in the public service, nominated by the Cabinet Secretary responsible for public service.
The Commissioners nominated by Cabinet Secretary for Finance, the Attorney General and the Cabinet Secretary for public service have no vote.
The chairperson and members other than the Cabinet Secretary for Finance and the Attorney General should serve on a full-time basis for a non-renewable term of six years.
For more about the functions of the Salaries and Remuneration Commission and the Commission in general, see the Salaries and Remuneration Commission Act(opens in a new tab) or visit their website at src.go.ke.