The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (French: Jeux olympiques) are the leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. Where will the next Olympic Games be held? The Olympic Games are considered the world’s foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating. The Olympic Games are normally held every four years, and since 1994, has alternated between the Summer and Winter Olympics every two years during the four-year period.
Their creation was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games (Ancient Greek: Ὀλυμπιακοί Ἀγῶνες), held in Olympia, Greece from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, leading to the first modern Games in Athens in 1896. The IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement, with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority.
The evolution of the Olympic Movement during the 20th and 21st centuries has resulted in several changes to the Olympic Games. Some of these adjustments include the creation of the Winter Olympic Games for snow and ice sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with disabilities, the Youth Olympic Games for athletes aged 14 to 18, the five Continental games (Pan American, African, Asian, European, and Pacific), and the World Games for sports that are not contested in the Olympic Games. The IOC also endorses the Deaflympics and the Special Olympics. The IOC has needed to adapt to a variety of economic, political, and technological advancements. The abuse of amateur rules by the Eastern Bloc nations prompted the IOC to shift away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Coubertin, to the acceptance of professional athletes participating at the Games. The growing importance of mass media has created the issue of corporate sponsorship and general commercialisation of the Games. World wars led to the cancellation of the 1916, 1940, and 1944 Olympics; large-scale boycotts during the Cold War limited participation in the 1980 and 1984 Olympics; and the 2020 Olympics were postponed until 2021 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
The Olympic Movement consists of international sports federations (IFs), National Olympic Committees (NOCs), and organising committees for each specific Olympic Games. As the decision-making body, the IOC is responsible for choosing the host city for each Games, and organises and funds the Games according to the Olympic Charter. The IOC also determines the Olympic programme, consisting of the sports to be contested at the Games. There are several Olympic rituals and symbols, such as the Olympic flag and torch, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies. Over 14,000 athletes competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics and 2018 Winter Olympics combined, in 35 different sports and over 400 events. The first, second, and third-place finishers in each event receive Olympic medals: gold, silver, and bronze, respectively.
The Games have grown so much that nearly every nation is now represented; colonies and overseas territories are allowed to field their own teams. This growth has created numerous challenges and controversies, including boycotts, doping, bribery, and terrorism. Every two years the Olympics and its media exposure provide athletes with the chance to attain national and sometimes international fame. The Games also provide an opportunity for the host city and country to showcase themselves to the world.
Where will the next Olympic Games be held?
- In Beijing, People’s Republic of China, from 4 to 20 February 2022.
- In Paris, France, from 26 July to 11 August 2024.
- In Milan and Cortina d’Ampezzo, in Italy, in 2026.
- In Los Angeles, USA, in 2028.
- In Brisbane, Australia, in 2032.
Here are the future sites for the Olympics:
Paris will host the next Summer Olympics in two years, and it will have been a full century since the French capital hosted the Games by the time the torch is lit.
Paris also hosted the Olympics in 1900 and in 1924, and it will become just the second city to host the Olympics three times, joining London in that category.
The next Winter Olympics will be held in Italy, marking the first time the event has been contested there since 2006 when Turin hosted the Games.
It will also mark the first time that the Olympics has been hosted by a pair of cities, and it will be the first Games since 1984 with the opening and closing ceremonies taking place in different cities.
Los Angeles will host its third-ever Olympics in 2028, and will mark the first Games to be held in the United States since Salt Lake City hosted the Winter Olympics in 2002.
The iconic Los Angeles Coliseum, constructed before the 1932 Olympics, will once again host events in 2028, while SoFi Stadium, the host site of Super Bowl LVI, will host the opening and closing ceremonies.
For the third time, the Summer Olympics will head to Australia, as Brisbane will become the third different city in the country to host the event.
The Olympics were last held in Australia in 2000, when Sydney played the role of host, and prior to that the Games were held in the Southern Hemisphere for the first time in 1956, when Melbourne hosted.
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