Emperor Haile Selassie unilaterally dissolved the Eritrean parliament and illegally annexed the country in 1962.
Top Places to Visit In Eritrea On Your Next Vacation
Dahlak Kebir is the largest island of the Dahlak Archipelago. Situated in the Red Sea off of the coast of Eritrea, it was formerly called Dahlak Deset.
ኣስመራ ካቴድራል | Cathedral Our Lady of the Rosary
The Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara is a Roman Catholic church built in the early 1920s in Asmara, when the city was the capital of Italian Eritrea. Often called “the cathedral”, it is a large Lombard Romanesque style church in the centre of the city, built in 1923 to serve as the principal church of the Apostolic Vicariate of Eritrea. The church was never the seat of a diocesan bishop and thus was not a cathedral in the strict sense. It was the principal church of an apostolic vicariate, an ecclesiastical jurisdiction headed by a titular bishop. In the late 1930s and early 1940s, a time of great immigration of Italians into the then colony of Eritrea, this apostolic vicariate, which since 1930 was exclusively of the Latin Church, happened to have more faithful than the Ordinariate for the Ethiopic Rite Catholics in the country; but after the Second World War the number of Italians in Eritrea went into steep decline. When the fourth titular bishop who acted as Apostolic Vicar at Asmara resigned in 1971, no successor was appointed and the vicariate was administered by a priest instead of a bishop, until it was finally suppressed in 1995.
The Fiat Tagliero Building in Asmara, capital city of Eritrea, is a Futurist-style service station completed in 1938 and designed by the Italian engineer Giuseppe Pettazzi.
Enda Mariam Orthodox Cathedral
Enda Mariam Cathedral is an Eritrean Orthodox church in Asmara, Eritrea. The cathedral is located on Arbate Asmara Street.
Khulafa al-Rashidun Mosque
The Great Mosque of Asmara is a mosque located in the center of Asmara, the capital city of Eritrea. It is considered to be one of the three prominent edifices of the city, along with Church of Our Lady of the Rosary and Enda Mariam Coptic Cathedral. Designed by Guido Ferrazza, it was built in 1938 on the initiative of Benito Mussolini, to impress the Muslim population, who make up about 50% of the locality. The Arabic phrase al-Khulafā’ ar-Rāshidīn can mean “followers of the right path”.
Debre Bizen monastery
Debre Bizen is the best-known monastery of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church. Located at the top of Debre Bizen the mountain near the town of Nefasit in Eritrea. Its library contains many important Ge’ez manuscripts.
Keskese ge’ez ግእዝ sebea ሰበአ is an archaeological site in Eritrea. It is the seat of an ancient Kingdom of Aksum ruin, and is situated 8 kilometres north of Matara. Dating from around 500 BCE, it is renowned for its old stelae. Some of the edifices at the site are inscribed in Ge’ez, and are up to 14 metres in height. Keskese was excavated by Daniel Habtemichael in the early 2000s.
Dahlak Marine National Park
Dahlak Marine National Park is a national park in the Northern Red Sea Region of Eritrea. It includes part of the Dahlak archipelago and the surrounding waters. Permission must be acquired before being allowed to travel to Dahlak Marine National Park. The park is flourishing with wildlife and there are an estimated 325 different species of fish in the waters surrounding the region. Many of the uninhabited islands have become nesting areas for large numbers of seabirds due to their isolated nature and rich feeding grounds in the surrounding area. Apart from the wildlife, there is a small population of 2,500 people that live on four of the islands. These people maintain their traditional lifestyle of herding goats and camels, as well as fishing. Scuba diving is now allowed in the area and is led by a group of trained scuba divers that consist of former freedom fighters that make up the core of Eritrean diving tourism.
Emba Soira is the highest mountain in Eritrea. Rising 3,018 metres above sea level, it is part of the Eritrean Highlands, one side of the Great Rift Valley which cuts through Eritrea and joins the Red Sea. The mountain is situated in the southeastern part of the Debub administrative region in central Eritrea. Emba Soira is reached by a paved road from the city of Senafe, located 135 kilometres south of the national capital Asmara. From there, a very difficult and perilous dirt track heading east for almost 20 kilometres leads to the mountain. The last part must be trekked and takes at least a few hours of travel.
Mariam Debresina ማርያም ደብረሲና
Debra Sina is a monastery in the highlands of Eritrea near Keren in the Anseba Region. It was the site of the first Holy Communion prepared in the Eritrean Orthodox Church, by the 4th-century bishop Aba Salama. It is one of the oldest monasteries in Africa and the world. The monastery is the site of a pilgrimage by Eritrean Orthodox believers each year in June. The pilgrimage centers on a church above the village where a vision of Mary was said to have been seen by shepherd girls beneath a large boulder. The church is built adjacent to and over the rock where the vision was seen. The pilgrimage includes thousands of ordinary Eritrean believers camping for one night in the village of Debra Sina, singing, drumming, chanting and celebrating Mary.
Nakura or Nokra is an Eritrean island in the Dahlak Archipelago situated west of Dahlak Kebir. Nakura has an area of 6.44 km², and reaches a height of 48 meters. During Italian colonization, it was used as the Nocra prison camp. Its grim history is vividly depicted in Eritrean songs. Amnesty International and other human rights groups have complained of maltreatment of inmates at the prison on the island. It noted in December 2005 that “many political prisoners and prisoners of conscience are detained without charge or trial” at the prison. A former detainee told Amnesty International in 2004 “that some prisoners detained in Nakura prison who belonged to evangelical churches were punished with torture by tying on account of secretly having bibles in the prison, and their bibles were burned in front of them”. Christian Solidarity Worldwide noted in June 2017 that 33 Protestant women were being held in the “infamous island prison” which it also described as a “notoriously harsh prison island”
The Asmara Synagogue is the only surviving remnant of the Jewish community in Eritrea. Built in 1906, includes a Jewish cemetery, classrooms, and a main sanctuary. All aspects of the synagogue today are taken care of by Samuel Cohen, an Asmara native who remained in the country to look after the edifice.
Semenawi Bahri National Park
Semenawi Bahri National Park is a national park in Eritrea. Made up of massive mountains as well as valleys, it is located at an altitude of between 900 and 2400 meters. A diverse range of wildlife live there, including duiker, klipspringer, warthog, leopard and bushbuck. Many species of birds have also been discovered recently. A single asphalted road traverses it to facilitate transportation. The Park is also equipped with recreation centers at Meguo, Medhanit and Sabur. The Park is not well known to international and domestic tourists. However, its sights include rich flora and fauna, specifically bird-watching.
Sheikh Hanafi Mosque
Mai Nefhi is both a location near Asmara, Eritrea and the dam after which it was named. The Mai Nefhi dam was completed in 1970, during the reign of Haile Selassie, and remains the main water source for Asmara. Abardae a town with a population of 3000 residents is located nearby. Eritrea Institute of Technology, the only technical college in the country is located 500m away from Abardae-Mai Nefhi.
National Museum of Eritrea
The National Museum of Eritrea is a national museum in Asmara, Eritrea. Established in 1992 by Woldeab Woldemariam, it was originally located in the former Governor’s Palace until 1997, when it was moved. The venue has since been relocated to the former Comboni Sisters School for Women. The function of the National Museum of Eritrea is to promote Eritrean history, both within the country and abroad. It also aims to investigate new archaeological sites, and to explore the country’s history. In 1996, Eritrea’s central government nominated the following six sites to be considered as UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Adulis, Dahlak Kebir, Matara, Nakfa and Qohaito.
The Nabro Volcano is an active stratovolcano in the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea. It is located at the south-east end of the Danakil Alps in the Danakil Depression. Before its 2011 eruption, the volcano was widely believed to be extinct.
Gulf of Zula
The Gulf of Zula, also known as Annesley Bay, Baia di Arafali or Zula Bahir Selat’ē, is a body of water on the Eritrean coastline on the Red Sea.
2011 Nabro eruption
The 2011 Nabro eruption was an eruption of the Nabro stratovolcano in the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea, which began on 12 June 2011 after a series of earthquakes. The eruption killed seven and possibly a further 31 people and is estimated to be the highest altitude injection of sulfur dioxide ever observed by satellite. The Mount Pinatubo eruption 20 years earlier emitted ten times more SO₂. The ash cloud from the eruption reached altitudes which disrupted airline traffic in the region. Until the eruption began, the volcano had no records of historical eruptions.
The Jalua Volcano is a volcano located in the Northern Red Sea region of Eritrea. It is a stratovolcano, with no eruption ever recorded.
The Alid Volcano is a stratovolcano located in the Northern Red Sea region of Eritrea in the Danakil Depression. The peak elevation from its base is 904 metres. The volcano’s most recent activity was identified in 1928, when it emitted smoke. It is a large volcano located in the northern east coast.
Bay of Anfile
Amphila Bay or Bay of Anfile is a bay on the Red Sea, on the coast of Eritrea. The islands of Hando and Keda Hando are located facing the bay.
The Gufa Volcano is a volcanic field located in the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea near the border with Djibouti. The peak elevation is 600 m where lava flows are visible. The last eruption of the volcano was inferred to be during the Holocene era.
The Dubbi Volcano is a stratovolcano located in the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea. Its peak elevation is 1625 m. There have been four known eruptions. In 1400 lava was determined to have reached the Red Sea while in 1861 ash was thrown over 250 km from the volcano. Two further events were suspected between 1861 and the 20th century. On June 13, 2011 an ash cloud that had some influence on air travel was attributed to Dubbi. However, more accurate satellite imagery later showed that Nabro was the volcano that had erupted.
The Wokiro River is a seasonal watercourse in Eritrea. It ends north of Massawa, at the Red Sea. Prior to its terminus, the Wokiro merges with the Wadi Laba River
The Asseb Volcano is a volcanic field located in the Southern Red Sea region of Eritrea. With a peak elevation of 987 metres, its most recently identified eruption occurred within the last 12,000 years, during the current, Holocene era.
Logo Anseba is the capital of Logo Anseba Subregion.
Ras Kasar is a cape in northeastern Africa, on the border between Eritrea and Sudan at the Red Sea. It is the northernmost point in Eritrea and the easternmost point in Sudan
ሲቲ ፓርክ | City Park
Park and garden
Manda-Inakir is a system of fissure vents and cinder cones located along the borders between Djibouti, Eritrea and Ethiopia. Last erupting in 1928, it produced a cinder cone called Kammourta. It has an elevation of over 600 metres
Mousa Ali is a 2,021 metres stratovolcano located on the tri-point of Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. The volcano is the highest point in Djibouti. The volcano’s summit is truncated by a caldera, which contains rhyolitic lava domes and lava flows. The last known eruption occurred before the Holocene era. Mousa Ali is situated at the tri-point of the Tadjourah Region of Djibouti, the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea, and the Afar Region of Ethiopia.