Djibouti’s key natural resources include salt, petroleum, gold, clay, marble, pumice, gypsum and diatomite. In 2010, the production and consumption of minerals in Djibouti was not internationally recognized. The country at this time produced salt and perlite along with other construction materials.
Top Places to Visit In Djibouti On Your Next Vacation
Lake Assal is a crater lake in central-western Djibouti. It is located at the western end of Gulf of Tadjoura in the Tadjoura Region, touching Dikhil Region, at the top of the Great Rift Valley, some 120 km west of Djibouti city. Lake Assal is a saline lake that lies 155 m below sea level in the Afar Triangle, making it the lowest point on land in Africa and the third-lowest point on Earth after the Sea of Galilee and the Dead Sea. No outflow occurs from the lake, and due to high evaporation, the salinity level of its waters is 10 times that of the sea, making it the third most saline body of water in the world behind Don Juan Pond and Gaet’ale Pond. Lake Assal is the world’s largest salt reserve, which is exploited under four concessions awarded in 2002 at the southeast end of the lake; the major share of production is held by Société d’Exploitation du Lac and Société d’Exploitation du Salt Investment S.A de Djibouti. The lake is a protected zone under Djibouti’s National Environmental Action Plan of 2000. However, the law does not define the boundary limits of the lake.
Moucha Island is a small coral island off the coast of Djibouti. It is located at the center of the Gulf of Tadjoura. The island is part of the Djibouti Region; the island has a total population of about 20 inhabitants, which increases considerably during the summer. The island was occupied by Great Britain from 1840 to 1887.
Day Forest National Park
Day Forest National Park, also known as Forêt du Day National Park, is a national park in the Goda Mountains and Tadjourah Region of Djibouti.
Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway
The Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway is a new standard gauge international railway that serves as the backbone of the new Ethiopian National Railway Network. The railway was inaugurated by Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn on January 1, 2018. It provides landlocked Ethiopia with access to the sea, linking Ethiopia’s capital of Addis Ababa with Djibouti and its Port of Doraleh. More than 95% of Ethiopia’s trade passes through Djibouti, accounting for 70% of the activity at the Port of Djibouti. The total railway capacity is 24.9 million tonnes of freight annually, with 6 million tonnes annually expected in 2023. These plans are accompanied by construction works at the Port of Doraleh to expand the annual cargo handling capacity from 6 to 14 million tonnes, with the aim of reaching 10 million tonnes of cargo by 2022. In 2019 the railway transported 84 073 passengers and generated US$1.2 million in revenue from that service, less than in 2018. In 2019 the railway generated US$40 million in both passenger and cargo revenue, far below the operating cost of US$70 million. During the first half of 2020, the railway transported 0.7 million tonnes of freight.
Khor Ambado Beach
The Ghoubbet al-Kharab or Lake Ghoubbet is a Djiboutian cove separated from the Gulf of Tadjoura by a violent current. Ghoubbet al-Kharab is surrounded by mountains and cliffs 600 meters high, as well as by the Ardoukôba volcano which separates it from Lake Assal. It is very deep and hosts many fish and sharks that grow in the strong gulf currents, and is part of the junction between the African and Arabian continental plates. The cove is visited by divers – “The Crack” and reefs like Ras Eiro are popular locations – and scientists like Captain Cousteau visited the region in the 1980s, investigated the legend and disclosed that he saw the dark shape of a gigantic fish at great depth. He reportedly placed a dead camel in a shark cage and lowered it to the bottom of the cove. When he raised the cage it was crushed and the camel was gone. The Ghoubbet al-Kharab can be up to one meter different from the sea level, because of the narrowness of the pass, but also the tides and winds. In the westof the Ghoubbet al-Kharab are two volcanic islands: the Devil’s Islands.
Hamoudi Mosque is a mosque in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
Ardoukôba is a fissure vents volcano in Djibouti. Located on the coast 100 kilometres from Djibouti City, its summit is situated at 298 metres above sea level. It last erupted in November 1978 following an earthquake, the area having been dormant for 3,000 years. The volcano’s rift is 17 kilometres in width, and has a depth of 800 metres. The Government of Djibouti has initiated a proposal with UNESCO to declare the Lake Assal zone including the Ardoukoba volcano and its surroundings as a World Heritage Site.
Seven Brothers Islands
The Seven Brothers Islands, also known as the Sawabi Islands or Seba Islands, is an archipelago in the Dact-el-Mayun section of the Bab-el-Mandeb strait. They are within the Obock District of Djibouti, and are a notable diving site. Even in English publications, the group is often called by its French name, Sept Frères
The Maskali Islands are located off the coast of Djibouti in the Gulf of Tadjoura. The islands are part of the Djibouti Region.
The Grand Bara, Bara Wein or Bada Wein, is a desert in southern Djibouti. It consists of large areas of sand flats, with sparse, semi-desert and desert grasses and scrub vegetation. A road built in 1981 passes through the area, connecting the capital Djibouti City with the south. Prior to the arrival of the French, the extremely arid interior was inhabited primarily by the Issa Somali. Runner makes her way across the Grand Bara Desert during the Annual Grand Bara 15K race.
Ras Siyyan or Ras Siyan is a peninsula in the Obock Region of Djibouti, on the Bab-el-Mandeb strait, about 20 km southwest of Perim Island. The peninsula consists of a reddish volcanic hill about 1.2 by 0.5 km and 138 m high, connected towards to the mainland by a low sandy strip that stretches south by about 5 km while widening from 500 to 800 m. The Ras Siyyan volcano is currently inactive but young, having erupted through a 21,000-year-old coral reef formation. To the west of Ras Siyyan there is a shallow marshy bay or lagoon, about 2.5 km wide, protected on the north side by shallow coral banks. The bay is fringed with patches of mangrove bushes, in spite of the little input of freshwater. Abundant sea grasses form large beds in the bay, and Sharks breed there in October. An isolated white rock, Rocher Siyyan, lies in the bay about 800 m southwest of the volcanic hill. The hill of Ras Siyyan is sometimes considered the seventh of the Seven Brothers islands; the other six lie from about 4.5 km to 14.5 km to the east.
Cheetah and park and garden
The Boura Mountains are a mountain range in Djibouti. With a mean peak height of 1,003 metres is the ninth highest point in Djibouti, the ecology of this landform is semi-desert. The mountain is located approximately 32 km east of Ali Sabieh, 13 kilometres from Assamo by road. The altitude and size of the range affects its weather, with precipitation levels varying greatly and climatic conditions consisting of distinct zones. Wildlife live in the higher peaks to elevations of 1,003 metres. Issa Somali have a long history in the Boura Mountains
The People’s Palace
The People’s Palace is a monument in Djibouti City, and is a symbol of struggle for freedom of the people. It is a patriotic monument seeks to pay tribute to one of the most important national symbols of the nation. This is made up of representative elements linked to the ideas of Djiboutian liberators and at the same symbolism that contains the shield of the nomad.
The Mabla Mountains are a mountain range in the northern Obock and Tadjoura Region of Djibouti. The endemic Djibouti spurfowl makes its home here as well as in the Forêt du Day. With a mean height of 1370 metres, is the fifth highest point in Djibouti.
Ilot du Heron
Ali Sabieh Mountain
The Ali Sabieh Mountain or The Mountain of the National Emblem is a landmark in the Ali Sabieh region of Djibouti. The national emblem of Djibouti is carved into the mountain. It overlooks Ali Sabieh and is a local landmark. The Mountain of the National Emblem is the region’s top tourist attraction.
Ile Warramous Island
The Ile Warramous Island is a small uninhabited islet about 1.28 kilometres east coast of Djibouti in the Gulf of Tadjoura and Gulf of Aden. The island lies near the city of Djibouti. The island is not open for the public with no civil population
Rahle Godle is a mountain situated in Ali Sabieh Region of southern Djibouti. With an average elevation of 764 metres above sea level, the mountains are located near the border with Ethiopia. Rahle Godle lies approximately 5 kilometres east of Assamo, 13 kilometres from Guisti by road
Asa Koma is an archaeological site in Djibouti.
Hemed is a mountain in the western part of the Arta Region in south-central Djibouti. It is located about 70 kilometres east of the capital Djibouti City. The summit is 1,103 metres above sea level, is the eighth highest point in Djibouti.
Garbi is a mountain in the western part of the Tadjourah Region in Djibouti. It is located about 102 kilometres east of Djibouti City. With a mean height of 1680 metres, is the third highest point in Djibouti.
The Ali Olo is a mountain located in the northeast of Ali Sabieh Region in Djibouti. With an average elevation of 286 metres above sea level, they are situated near the border with Somalia.
Rocher Siyyan is a striking isolated white islet in the middle of the marshy bay to the west of Ras Siyyan peninsula. It is situated off the coast of Djibouti, in the Bab-el-Mandeb strait between the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. The rock belongs to Djibouti’s Obock District. Rocher Siyyan is located about 800 m southwest from the volcanic hill that is the northern tip of Ras Siyyan, and about 1500 m from the mainland’s shoreline. It is 55 meters long, up to 45 meters wide, and has an area of barely 2,000 square meters.
Mousa Ali is a 2,021 metres stratovolcano located on the tri-point of Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. The volcano is the highest point in Djibouti. The volcano’s summit is truncated by a caldera, which contains rhyolitic lava domes and lava flows. The last known eruption occurred before the Holocene era. Mousa Ali is situated at the tri-point of the Tadjourah Region of Djibouti, the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea, and the Afar Region of Ethiopia.