Top 10 Largest slums in Africa. A slum is usually a highly populated urbanresidential area consisting mostly of closely packed, decrepit housing units in a situation of deteriorated or incomplete infrastructure, inhabited primarily by impoverished persons. Although slums, especially in America, are usually located in urban areas, in other countries they can be located in suburban areas where housing quality is low and living conditions are poor. While slums differ in size and other characteristics, most lack reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, law enforcement, and other basic services. Slum residences vary from shanty houses to professionally built dwellings which, because of poor-quality construction and/or lack of basic maintenance, have deteriorated.
Slums form and grow in different parts of the world for many different reasons. Causes include rapid rural-to-urban migration, economic stagnation and depression, high unemployment, poverty, informal economy, forced or manipulated ghettoization, poor planning, politics, natural disasters, and social conflicts.Strategies tried to reduce and transform slums in different countries, with varying degrees of success, include a combination of slum removal, slum relocation, slum upgrading, urban planning with citywide infrastructure development, and public housing.
Top 10 Largest slums in Africa
1. Kibera – Nairobi, Kenya
2. Mathare –Nairobi, Kenya
3. Ajegunle – Lagos, Nigeria
4. Shomolu –Lagos, Nigeria
5. Khayelitsha – Cape-town South, Africa
6. Cazenga –Luanda, Angola
7. Makoko – Lagos, Nigeria
8. Alexandra, Gauteng – South-Africa (former part of Johannesburg)