Part of the risk assessment is determining the level of risk that hazards pose to workers. Rate the risks as high, medium, or low. This helps you decide which risks are most serious and should be dealt with first. Determine the level of risk
For example, a busy loading dock where workers are frequently carrying heavy loads could be a high risk for pallet jack collisions and a moderate risk for back strains.
To help evaluate the risk level, try to answer the following questions:
- Who might be harmed? For example, are all workers exposed to the hazard, or is it a smaller number?
- What kind of injury or illness could be suffered, and how severe would it most likely be?
- How long are workers typically exposed to the hazard? The longer the exposure, the higher the risk.
- How frequent is the exposure? If the task is repeated many times each shift, it usually carries more risk than a task done only occasionally.
Use this risk matrix table to help determine level of risk:
Record your findings
Be sure to record the findings of your risk assessment, as these will be the primary tool you will rely on to control the risks in your workplace. This includes noting the hazards, how people might be harmed by them, and what’s already in place to control the risk. This documentation doesn’t need to be complicated, and it can help you communicate and manage risks in your workplace.