In Kenya a county woman representative is a member of the Kenya National Assembly who represents one of the 47 counties in a seat reserved for female members. The county woman representatives serve in the national assembly alongside the 290 members elected from the constituencies, 12 nominated members and the Speaker of the National Assembly. Qualifications to Become a County Women Representative in Kenya
The role of women’s representative was created by the Constitution of Kenya that was adopted in a referendum in 2010 in order to increase the representation of women in parliament. Prior to the 2010 constitution there were fewer than 20 female members of the Kenyan parliament. The first representatives were elected in the 2013 Kenyan general election.
The woman representatives are elected by all registered voters in the county they represent, not only female voters. In 2019 the Committee on Implementation and Oversight of the Constitution proposed abolishing the role after the next general election.
While the Constitution of Kenya requires that no more than two thirds of the National Assembly or the Senate be of the same gender, this requirement has not been met. In 2017 the High Court ruled that the two houses had failed to perform their constitutional obligation. Despite attempts to introduce new legislation to ensure increased representation of women in parliament this situation has not been resolved.
In addition to the 47 designated woman representatives, at the 2017 Kenyan general election 23 women were elected to represent the constituency seats and 5 women were nominated to represent the appointed seats. Consequently, a total of 75 women serve in the National Assembly in the 12th Parliament of Kenya, comprising 21% of the members of the assembly.
Qualifications Requirements to Become a County Women Representative in Kenya:
- Must have been a Kenyan citizen for at least 10 years before the election;
- Must not hold allegiance to a foreign state;
- Must be a registered voter;
- Is nominated by a Political Party or is an independent candidate;
- Must meet the statutory moral and ethical requirements under the Leadership and Integrity Act;
- Must not be a public officer or acting in any State of public office other than a Member of Parliament;
- Must not hold dual citizenship unless citizenship of the other country has been obtained by operation of law without capacity to opt out;
- Must not be an undischarged bankrupt;
- Must not be a person of unsound mind;
- Must not be subject to a sentence of imprisonment of at least six months from the date of registration of candidates or date of elections;
- Must not have been found to have abused or misused state or public office or contravened Chapter Six of the Constitution; and
- Must not have been dismissed or removed from public office for contravening the provisions of Articles 75, 76, 77 and 78 of the Constitution
- Nomination fees in a Banker’s Cheque payable to IEBC:
- 20,000 for candidates
- Kshs. 10,000 for a candidate who is a youth, a woman or a person with a disability
Requirements Requirements to Become a County Women Representative in Kenya:
The Candidate must submit the following documents to the Commission during the Commission Nomination:
- A copy of a National Identity Card/valid Passport (the document used by the candidate to register as a voter)
- A Passport size photograph with white background submitted in electronic and printed copy.
- If a Party Candidate, a Nomination Certificate from a fully registered political party nominating the candidate, duly signed by an authorized official of the party
- A duly signed and dated Code of Conduct (Second Schedule of the Elections Act, 2011)
- A duly filled Commission Nomination Form, including an original Statutory Declaration Form for purposes of nomination (Regulation 18(3) Elections (General) Regulations, 2012) and an original Self-Declaration Form (Regulation 46 of Elections (General) Regulations, 2012)
For an Independent Candidate
- A Clearance Certificate from the Registrar of Political Parties certifying that the person was not a member of any political party for the last 3 months before the elections; (Regulation 15(a) (General) Regulations, 2012
- An electronic and a printed copy of a list of at least 1000 supporters in the prescribed form, submitted to the Commission.
- A duly filled Form of Intention to Contest submitted to the Commission in the prescribed form.
- A symbol the candidate intends to use during the election, which has been approved by the Commission
- Establish and maintain a functioning office in the respective electoral area where the candidate is contesting, which must be available for inspection by the Commission at least 45 days before the elections. The address, including the physical address of the office must be communicated to the Commission.
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