The National Assembly of the Republic of Kenya is the lower house of the Parliament of Kenya. Between 1966 and 2013, it served as a unicameral house. In 2013 (11th Parliament), it became the lower house when the Senate was reestablished. It has a total of 349 seats: 290 elected from the constituencies, 47 women elected from the counties and 12 nominated representatives. The Speaker of the National Assembly of Kenya serves as an ex officio member. The High Court of Kenya ordered lawmakers to introduce gender quotas, or face dissolution in the mid-2010s, following the implementation of the 2010 Constitution What are the Qualifications for election as a Member of the National Assembly in Kenya? The qualifications for the position of a Member of the National Assembly in Kenya ensure that all interested candidates are suitable for the position. There are two ways a person can become a member of the National Assembly in Kenya, through election or by nomination (from political parties).
This article deals with the qualifications for the members of the National Assembly who are elected to represent the Constituencies.
A Member of the National Assembly (MNA) is eligible for election for a five-year term and can be re-elected as many times as possible since there are no term limits for MPs in Kenya.
National Assembly of the Republic of Kenya
of the Parliament of Kenya
||Legislative Council of Kenya
Justin Muturi, Jubilee
since 28 March 2013
Moses Cheboi, Jubilee
since 31 August 2017
Samuel Porgisio, Jubilee
since 2 June 2020
John Mbadi, NASA
since 8 August 2017
Emmanuel Wangwe, Jubilee
since 2 June 2020
Jubilee Party (172)
National Super Alliance (125)
Other parties and independents (51)
|8 August 2017
|Parliament buildings, Nairobi, Kenya
Qualifications For A Member Of The National Assembly
- Must have been a Kenyan citizen for at least 10 years before the election;
- Must not hold allegiance to a foreign state;
- Must be a registered voter;
- Is nominated by a Political Party or is an independent candidate;
- Must meet the statutory moral and ethical requirements under the Leadership and Integrity Act;
- Must not be a public officer or acting in any State of public office other than a Member of Parliament;
- Must not hold dual citizenship unless citizenship of the other country has been obtained by operation of law without capacity to opt out;
- Must not be an undischarged bankrupt;
- Must not be a person of unsound mind;
- Must not be subject to a sentence of imprisonment of at least six months from the date of registration of candidates or date of elections;
- Must not have been found to have abused or misused state or public office or contravened Chapter Six of the Constitution; and
- Must not have been dismissed or removed from public office for contravening the provisions of Articles 75, 76, 77 and 78 of the Constitution
- Nomination fees in a Banker’s Cheque payable to IEBC:
- 20,000 for candidates
- Kshs. 10,000 for a candidate who is a youth, a woman or a person with a disability
The Candidate must submit the following documents to the Commission during the Commission Nomination:
- A copy of a National Identity Card/valid Passport (the document used by the candidate to register as a voter)
- A Passport size photograph with white background submitted in electronic and printed copy.
- If a Party Candidate, a Nomination Certificate from a fully registered political party nominating the candidate, duly signed by an authorized official of the party
- A duly signed and dated Code of Conduct (Second Schedule of the Elections Act, 2011)
- A duly filled Commission Nomination Form, including an original Statutory Declaration Form for purposes of nomination (Regulation 18(3) Elections (General) Regulations, 2012) and an original Self-Declaration Form (Regulation 46 of Elections (General) Regulations, 2012)
For an Independent Candidate
- A Clearance Certificate from the Registrar of Political Parties certifying that the person was not a member of any political party for the last 3 months before the elections; (Regulation 15(a) (General) Regulations, 2012
- An electronic and a printed copy of a list of at least 1000 supporters in the prescribed form, submitted to the Commission.
- A duly filled Form of Intention to Contest submitted to the Commission in the prescribed form.
- A symbol the candidate intends to use during the election, which has been approved by the Commission
- Establish and maintain a functioning office in the respective electoral area where the candidate is contesting, which must be available for inspection by the Commission at least 45 days before the elections. The address, including the physical address of the office must be communicated to the Commission.
House Keeping committees
- House Business Committee: creates Parliamentary calendar; schedules committee business; issues directives and guidelines to prioritise or postpone any business of the House.
- Procedure & House Rules Committee: proposes rules for the orderly and effective conduct of committee business.
- Liaison Committee: guides and co-ordinates the operations, policies and mandates of all committees.
- Committee on Selection: nominates members to serve in committees.
- Committee on Members Services & Facilities.
- Public Accounts Committee: responsible for the examination of the accounts showing the appropriations of the sum voted by the House to meet the public expenditure and of such other accounts
- Public Investments Committee: examines the reports and accounts of public investments
Special Funds Accounts Committee: examines the reports and accounts of national Funds except the National Governments Constituency Development Fund (NGCDF)
- Defence and Foreign Relations Committee: Defence, intelligence, foreign relations diplomatic and consular services, international boundaries, international relations, agreements, treaties and conventions
- Administration and National Security Committee: National security, police services, home affairs, public administration, public service, prisons, immigration and the management of natural disasters, community service orders
- Agriculture & Livestock Committee: Agriculture, livestock, irrigation, fisheries development, co-operatives development, production and marketing
- Environment and Natural Resources Committee: Matters relating to climate change, environment management and conservation, forestry, water resource management, wildlife, mining and natural resources, pollution and waste management
- Education & Research Committee: Education, training, research and technological advancement
- Energy Committee: Fossil fuels exploration, Development, production, maintenance and regulation of energy, communication, information, broadcasting and Information Communications Technology (ICT) development and management
- Finance and Planning: Public finance, monetary policies, public debt, financial institutions, investment and divestiture policies, pricing policies, banking, insurance, population, revenue policies, planning, national development, trade, tourism promotion and management, commerce and industry
- Health Committee: Matters related to health, medical care and health insurance
- Justice and Legal Affairs Committee: Constitutional affairs, the administration of law and justice, including the Judiciary, public prosecutions, elections, ethics, integrity and anti-corruption and human rights
- Labour and Social Welfare Committee: Labour, trade union relations, manpower or human resource planning, gender, culture and social welfare, youth, National Youth Service children’s welfare; national heritage, betting, lotteries and sports
- Lands Committee: Matters related to lands and settlement
- Transport, Public Works and Housing Committee: Transport, roads, public works, construction and maintenance of roads, rails and buildings, air, seaports and housing
- Trade, Industry and Cooperatives Committee
- Communication, Information and Innovation Committee
Other Select committees:
- Budget and Appropriations Committee: investigates, inquires into and reports on all matters related to co-ordination, control and monitoring of the national budget; examines the Budget Policy Statement; examines bills related to the national budget, specifically the Appropriations Bill, the Supplementary Appropriation Bill, the Division of Revenue Bill and the County Allocation of Revenue Bill
- Committee on Implementation: responsible for scrutinising the resolutions of the House (including adopted committee reports), petitions and the undertakings given by the National Executive
- Committee on Delegated Legislation: delegates on statutory instruments submitted to the Assembly
- Committee on Regional Integration: examine the records of all the relevant debates and resolutions of the meetings of the East African Legislative Assembly; inquires into and examines any other matter relating to regional integration generally requiring action by the House
- Committee on Appointments:
- National Government Constituency Development Fund Committee
- Constitution Implementation Oversight Committee
- Pensions Committee
- Committee on National Cohesion and Equal Opportunity
- Parliamentary Broadcasting and Library Committee
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