2023 African election calendar

An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual or multiple individuals to hold public office. 2023 African election calendar

Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century. Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. This process is also used in many other private and business organisations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations.

The global use of elections as a tool for selecting representatives in modern representative democracies is in contrast with the practice in the democratic archetype, ancient Athens, where the elections were considered an oligarchic institution and most political offices were filled using sortition, also known as allotment, by which officeholders were chosen by lot.

Electoral reform describes the process of introducing fair electoral systems where they are not in place, or improving the fairness or effectiveness of existing systems. Psephology is the study of results and other statistics relating to elections (especially with a view to predicting future results). Election is the fact of electing, or being elected.

To elect means “to select or make a decision”, and so sometimes other forms of ballot such as referendums are referred to as elections, especially in the United States.

BeninNational AssemblyHeld 8 Jan 2023
CameroonSenateDue Mar 2023
Central African RepublicLocalDue 16 July 2023
ComorosIsland GovernorsDue 2023
Côte d’IvoireLocalDue 2023
Democratic Republic of CongoPresident, National Assembly, Provincial Assemblies, local/ commune councilsDue 20 Dec 2023
DjiboutiNational AssemblyDue 24 Feb 2023
EgyptLocalDue 2023
GabonPresidentDue Aug 2023
House of Representatives & SenateDue Oct 2023
The GambiaLocalDue May 2023
GhanaDistrict, Local & UnitDue Dec 2023
GuineaLocalDue 2023
Guinea-BissauPeople’s National Assembly & SenateDue 4 June 2023
LiberiaPresident, House of Representatives & SenateDue 10 Oct 2023
LibyaPresidential & ParliamentaryDue 10 Oct 2023
LocalDue 2023
MadagascarPresident & LocalDue Nov 2023
MaliLocalDue June 2023
MauritaniaSep National Assembly, Regional & localDue Sep 2023
MozambiqueLocalDue 11 Oct 2023
NigeriaPresident, House of Representatives & SenateDue 25 Feb 2023
State Assemblies & GovernorsDue 11 Mar 2023
RwandaChamber of DeputiesDue Sep 2023
Sierra LeoneParamount Chief Member of ParliamentDue 20 May 2023
President, Parliament & LocalDue 22 Jun 2023
Somaliland (autonomous)PresidentialDue mid 2023
South SudanPresident, National Assembly, localDue 2023
SudanPresidential, Coucil of States, National Assembly, State Legislatures, State Governors, localDue Jul 2023
SwazilandSenate, House of Assembly, Urban local, TinkhundlaDue Sep 2023
TogoLegislative & RegionalDue 31 December 2023
TunisiaHouse of AssemblyHeld 29 Jan 2023 (runoff)
LocalDue 2023
ZimbabwePresident, Senate, House of Assembly & localDue July/ August 2023

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