A diplomatic mission or foreign mission is a group of people from one state or an organization present in another state to represent the sending state or organization officially in the receiving state. In practice, the phrase diplomatic mission usually denotes the resident mission, namely the embassy, which is the main office of a country’s diplomatic representatives to another country; this is usually, but not necessarily, in the receiving state’s capital city. Consulates, on the other hand, are smaller diplomatic missions which are normally located in major cities of the receiving state (but can be located in the capital, usually when the sending country has no embassy in the receiving state). As well as being a diplomatic mission to the country in which it is situated, it may also be a non-resident permanent mission to one or more other countries. There are thus resident and non-resident embassies. List of Embassies, Ministries & Government Organisations in Qatar
A country may have several different types of diplomatic missions in another country.
An embassy is a diplomatic mission generally located in the capital city of another country which offers a full range of services, including consular services.
A high commission is an embassy of a Commonwealth country located in another Commonwealth country.
A permanent mission is a diplomatic mission to a major international organization.
A consulate general is a diplomatic mission located in a major city, usually other than the capital city, which provides a full range of consular services.
A consulate is a diplomatic mission that is similar to a consulate general, but may not provide a full range of services.
A legation was a diplomatic representative office of lower rank than an embassy. Where an embassy was headed by an ambassador, a legation was headed by a minister. Ambassadors outranked ministers and had precedence at official events. Legations were originally the most common form of diplomatic mission, but they fell out of favor after World War II and were upgraded to embassies. List of Embassies, Ministries & Government Organisations in Qatar
A consulate headed by an Honorary Consul is a diplomatic mission headed by an Honorary Consul which provides only a limited range of services.
The head of an embassy is known as an ambassador or high commissioner. The term embassy is commonly used also as a section of a building in which the work of the diplomatic mission is carried out, but, strictly speaking, it is the diplomatic delegation itself that is the embassy, while the office space and the diplomatic work done is called the chancery. Therefore, the embassy operates in the chancery.
The members of a diplomatic mission can reside within or outside the building that holds the mission’s chancery, and their private residences enjoy the same rights as the premises of the mission as regards inviolability and protection.
List of Embassies, Ministries & Government Organisations in Qatar