List of mountains in Kenya is a general list of mountains in Kenya with elevation. The highest mountain in Kenya, which is also the second-highest mountain in Africa, is Mount Kenya, standing at 5,199 metres (17,057 ft) tall.
Here is a List of mountains in Kenya
Mount Kenya 5,199 m (17,057 ft)
Mount Kenya (Kikuyu: Kĩrĩnyaga, Kamba, Ki Nyaa) is an extinct stratovolcano in Kenya and the second-highest peak in Africa, after Kilimanjaro. The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199 metres or 17,057 feet), Nelion (5,188 m or 17,021 ft) and Point Lenana (4,985 m or 16,355 ft). Mount Kenya is located in the former Eastern and Central provinces of Kenya; its peak is now the intersection of Meru, Embu, Kirinyaga, Nyeri and Tharaka Nithi counties, about 16.5 kilometres (10.3 miles) south of the equator, around 150 km (90 mi) north-northeast of the capital Nairobi. Mount Kenya is the source of the name of the Republic of Kenya.
Mount Kenya is a volcano created approximately 3 million years after the opening of the East African Rift. Before glaciation, it was 7,000 m (23,000 ft) high. It was covered by an ice cap for thousands of years. This has resulted in very eroded slopes and numerous valleys radiating from the peak. There are currently 11 small glaciers, which are shrinking rapidly, and may disappear by 2050. The forested slopes are an important source of water for much of Kenya.
There are several vegetation bands from the base to the peak. The lower slopes are covered by different types of forest. Many alpine species are endemic to Mount Kenya, such as the giant lobelias and senecios and a local subspecies of rock hyrax. An area of 715 km2 (276 sq mi) around the centre of the mountain was designated a National Park and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The park receives over 16,000 visitors per year.
Mount Elgon 4,321 m (14,177 ft)
Mountain Elgon is an extinctshield volcano on the border of Uganda and Kenya, north of Kisumu and west of Kitale. The mountain’s highest point, named “Wagagai”, is located entirely within Uganda. Although there is no verifiable evidence of its earliest volcanic activity, geologists estimate that Mount Elgon is at least 24 million years old, making it the oldest extinct volcano in East Africa. The mountain’s name originates from its Maasai name, Elgonyi
Mount Elgon is a massive solitary volcanic mountain on the border of eastern Uganda and western Kenya. Its vast form, 80 kilometres (50 mi) in diameter, rises 3,070 metres (10,070 ft) above the surrounding plains. Its cooler heights offer respite for humans from the hot plains below, and its higher altitudes provide a refuge for flora and fauna.
Mt. Elgon consists of five major peaks:
- Wagagai (4,321 metres (14,177 ft)), in Uganda
- Sudek (4,302 metres (14,114 ft)) on the Kenya/Uganda border
- Koitobos (4,222 metres (13,852 ft)), a flat-topped basalt column in Kenya
- Mubiyi (4,211 metres (13,816 ft)) in Uganda
- Masaba (4,161 metres (13,652 ft)) in Uganda
Other features of note are:
- The caldera — Elgon’s is one of the largest intact calderas in the world.
- The warm springs by the Suam River
- Endebess Bluff (2,563 metres (8,409 ft))
- Ngwarisha, Makingeny, Chepnyalil, and Kitum caves: Kitum Cave is over 60 metres (200 ft) wide and penetrates 200 metres (660 ft). The cave contains salt deposits and it is frequented by wild elephants that lick the salt exposed by gouging the walls with their tusks. Richard Preston’s book The Hot Zone (1994) described the cave’s association with the Marburg virus after two people who had visited it (one in 1980 and another in 1987) contracted the disease and died
Mount Satima 4,001 m (13,127 ft)
Mount Satima, also known as Mount Lesatima and often abbreviated to Satima or Lesatima, is the third-highest mountain in Kenya and the highest in the Aberdare Range. The Maasai name is Oldoinyo Lesatima, which has a variety of alternative spellings, such as Ol Donyo Le Satima, and means “mountain of the bull calf”.
The peak lies at the northern end of the Aberdares, which themselves are along the eastern side of the Great Rift Valley, and is their highest point. Around it stand a number of sharp volcanic cones called “the Dragon’s Teeth”. There are moraines between 3,600 metres (11,800 ft) and 3,800 metres (12,500 ft) on the north west of the mountain. One book on Kenya has called the mountain itself “a craggy bluff of rock and tussock grass around which the clouds swirl”.
Mount Kinangop 3,906 m (12,815 ft)
A dormant volcano, Kinangop overlooks the Kinangop Plateau to the west and the Great Rift Valley beyond. Kinangop is the second-highest mountain in the Aberdares after Mount Satima. The lower levels of the mountain have extensive bamboo forests. Higher up it is covered by tussock grasses. The main peak is a rocky outcrop surrounded by open moorlands. Due to the height, temperatures are cool and may drop below freezing at night.
Cherang’any Hills 3,530 m (11,580 ft)
The Cherang’any Hills are a range of hills in the western highlands of Kenya. The hills are one of Kenya’s five main forests and catchment areas. The highlands, the large central plateau, is divided by the Mau Escarpment which rises from the border with Tanzania up to the Cherang’any Hills. The escarpment bounds the plateau that rises to the slopes of Mount Elgon. The Cherangany Hills span three counties namely Trans Nzoia, Elgeyo Marakwet and West Pokot.
The Cherangany Hills span three counties namely Trans Nzoia, Elgeyo Marakwet and West Pokot. The highest point of the range is the summit of Nakugen at 3530 m, which can be ascended from the south from parking space at a Kenyan Wildlife Service station, located at 1.16284°N 35.49325°E. Other notable peaks include; Chemnirot (3520 m), Kameleogon (3500 m), Chebon (3375 m), Chepkotet (3370 m), Karelachgelat (3350 m) and Sodang (3211 m). They are home to a marginalized hunter-gatherer community called the Sengwer.
Mount Kipipiri 3,349 m (10,988 ft)
Mount Kipipiri is an isolated volcano in the Wanjohi Valley, on the Kinangop Plateau near to the Aberdare Range. It is about 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Lake Naivasha, which is visible from the summit. Wildlife includes Colobus and Sykes monkeys, elephants and buffalo and abundant birdlife. The name of the mountain means “butterfly” in the Gikuyu language, a reference to its profile from a distance.
The Mount Kipipiri Forest Reserve is part of the Aberdare National Park. In 2005 it was estimated that the 43 square kilometres (17 sq mi) forest reserve was home to about 13 elephants. In June 2009 lengthy negotiations were concluded over the alignment of a wildlife corridor between Kipipiri and the main Aberdare park, with plans to fence the corridor. Grids of rolling bars with gaps between them replace the fence at the points where roads cross the corridor, forming an obstacle that cars can cross but that wildlife will not attempt. This keeps the wildlife, particularly elephants, away from farmers’ fields.
Mount Mtelo 3,336 m (10,945 ft)
Mount Mtelo (Sekerr) is the seventh-highest mountain in Kenya (3336m/10,944 ft), after Mt Kenya, Mt Elgon, Aberdares, High Cheranganis, and Mount Kipipiri, and is situated in the North West highlands of West Pokot County, approximately 120 km north of Kitale Town.
Chepunyal Hills 3334
Chepunyal Hills is a Natural Feature, located at: Chepunyal Hills, Kenya. Hills – rounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
Mount Ng’iro 2,848 m (9,344 ft)
Mount Ng’iro is a mountain in the north of Kenya overlooking the Suguta Valley, part of the Great Rift Valley, to the west. The mountain is surrounded by desert, but is forested on its upper slopes. It lies in the territory of the Samburu people. Some subclans under the Lmasula phratry cultivate bees on the mountain, and as bee-keepers claim exclusive rights to the land and water.
Mount Longonot 2,776 m (9,108 ft)
Mount Longonot is a stratovolcano located southeast of Lake Naivasha in the Great Rift Valley of Kenya, Africa. It is thought to have last erupted in the 1860s. Its name is derived from the Maasai word Oloonong’ot, meaning “mountains of many spurs” or “steep ridges”.
Mount Longonot is protected by Kenya Wildlife Service as part of Mount Longonot National Park. A 3.1 km trail runs from the park entrance up to the crater rim, and continues in a 7.2 km loop encircling the crater. The whole tour (gate-around the rim-gate) of 13.5 km takes about 4–5 hours allowing for necessary rest breaks – parts of the trail are heavily eroded and very steep. The gate elevation is around 2150 m and the peak at 2776 m but following the jagged rim involves substantially more than the 630 m vertical difference.
Mount Longonot is 60 kilometres northwest of Nairobi and may be reached from there by a tarmac road. A nearby town is also named Longonot. The Longonot satellite earth station is located south of the mountain.
Ol Doinyo Orok 2,548 m (8,360 ft)
The Ol Donyo Orok mountain (in maasai language), also called Namanga Hills, is situated in southern Kenya next to the Tanzanian border in the Namanga Division. The mountain has a stretched triangular shape, almost like an arrow pointing north. The short side faces the Tanzanian border (and one corner is actually crossing it). The highest peak is 2,548 metres (8,360 ft).
Ngong Hills 2,460 m (8,071 ft)
The Ngong Hills are peaks in a ridge along the Great Rift Valley, located southwest near Nairobi, in southern Kenya. The word “Ngong” is an Anglicization of a Maasai phrase “enkong’u emuny” meaning rhinoceros spring, and this name derives from a spring located near Ngong Town.
The Ngong Hills, from the eastside slopes, overlook the Nairobi National Park and, off to the north, the city of Nairobi. The Ngong Hills, from the westside slopes, overlook the Great Rift Valley dropping over 1,000 m (3,281 ft) below, where Maasai villages have been developed. The peak of the Ngong Hills is at 2,460 m (8,071 ft) above sea level.
During the years of British colonial rule, the area around the Ngong Hills was a major settler farming region, and many traditional colonial houses are still seen in the area. In the 1985 film Out of Africa, the four peaks of the Ngong Hills appear in the background of several scenes near Karen Blixen‘s house. Local residents still reported seeing lions in the Hills during the 1990s. The solitary grave of Denys Finch Hatton, marked by an obelisk and garden, is located on the eastern slopes of the Ngong Hills, overlooking the Nairobi National Park.
There is a walking trail along the tops of the Ngong Hills. Kenya Forestry Service has a small post at the NE foot of the park. There is a KSH 600 fee for visitors. Local residents have sometimes held Sunday church services on the southern peak, overlooking the Great Rift Valley.
Near the hills is the town of Ngong. The Ngong Hills Wind Power Station was completed in 2015. This is the first wind farm in the country. Kenya Forestry Service offers guides/security to accompany hikers for an extra fee (KES 2000).
Ngong Hills Mbagathi Water Resource Users Association / Ngong Hills Mbagathi WRUA has been very aggressive in making the Ngong area Water Catchment area better by planting indigenous seedling and towns cleaning activities. If the world agree to plant trees and take care of the our environment we shall reverse the climate change. Ngong Water catchment area covers Thogoto, Kibiko, Oloolua and Ngong Hills forests; and also Nairobi National Park. This is a very crutial water catchment for the people living downstream in Ukambani and coast region.
Bruce MacKenzie, Minister of Agriculture in Kenya, was killed when a time bomb attached to his plane exploded as it flew above Ngong Hills in a flight from Entebbe, Uganda on May 24, 1978, after Ugandan President Idi Amin ordered Ugandan agents to assassinate MacKenzie.
Menengai 2,278 m (7,474 ft)
Menengai Crater is a massive shield volcano with one of the biggest calderas in the world, in the Great Rift Valley, Kenya. It is the largest volcano caldera in Kenya and the second largest volcano caldera in Africa. Volcanic formed rich loam soils enrich the adjacent farmland arounds its flanks. The crater is on the floor of the Rift Valley. The volcano formed about 200,000 years ago and the prominent 12 x 8 km caldera formed about 8000 years ago. The caldera floor is covered with numerous post caldera lava flows. The Menengai volcano is considered one of the best-preserved Krakatau-style calderas in the world. Menengai has very little sediment in the caldera which is a thick mass of lava boulders and inaccessible ridges. Volcanic activity continues and a current project under the GDC is at an advanced stage towards geothermal power generation.
Menengai is 10 km (6 mi) north of Nakuru, the fourth-biggest city in Kenya.
Mount Kulal 2,285 m (7,497 ft)
Mount Kulal is an eroded-down extinct volcano located in northern Kenya, just east of Lake Turkana. The mountain has an elevation of 2,285 metres (7,497 ft). The lakeside town of Loiyangalani is located 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Mount Kulal.
Mount Kulal has been a biosphere reserve since 1978.
Mount Kulal is the only place where Kulal white-eye (Zosterops kulalensis) has been found