United Nations Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other through the co-ordinating machinery of the United Nations Economic and Social Council at the intergovernmental level, and through the Chief Executives Board for co-ordination (CEB) at the inter-secretariat level. One of the principal objectives of the UN is to solve economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems through international cooperation. A number of specialized agencies have been set up to achieve these goals, agencies which may or may not have been originally created by the United Nations, but they are incorporated into the United Nations System by the United Nations Economic and Social Council acting under Articles 57 and 63 of the United Nations Charter. At present, the UN has in total 15 specialized agencies that carry out various functions on behalf of the UN. The specialized agencies are listed below List of UN specialized agencies
Specialized Agencies are mentioned in the Charter in
Chapter IX, International Economic and Social Co-operation
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
IDA: International Development Association
IFC: International Finance Corporation
UN specialized agencies are international organizations working with the UN, in accordance with relationship agreements between each organization and the UN.
Specialized Agencies each have a process for admitting members and appointing their administrative head.
Article 58 of the Charter states that the UN will make “recommendations for the co-ordination of the policies and activities of the specialized agencies”. Coordination is facilitated through ECOSOC and the Chief Executives Board (CEB).
Note: Reference is sometimes made to 15 Specialized Agencies because the World Bank Group, which is now treated as one organization, is composed, in part, of three Specialized Agencies.