Constituencies of Kenya are used to elect members of the Kenyan parliament. In accordance with article 89 of the 2010 Constitution of Kenya, there are 290 constituencies, based on a formula where these constituencies were to be delineated based on population numbers. List of constituencies in Trans-Nzoia County
Trans-Nzoia County is a county in the former Rift Valley Province, Kenya, located between the Nzoia River and Mount Elgon, 380 km northwest of Nairobi. At its centre is the town of Kitale which is the capital and largest town. The county borders Bungoma to the west, Uasin Gishu and Kakamega to the south, Elgeyo-Marakwet to the east, West Pokot to the north and the republic of Uganda to the Northwest. Trans Nzoia covers an area of 2495.5 square kilometres.
Historically the area has been inhabited by the sabaot people. After independence many of the farms vacated by white settlers were bought by individuals from other ethnic groups in Kenya. Kitale, its capital town, is now majorly luhya with inhabits from other tribes in Kenya occupying almost less than 1% of the population.
The county is largely agricultural with both large scale and small scale wheat, maize and dairy farming. The county is referred to as the basket of Kenya for its role in food production in the country. The majority of its inhabitants are however generally poor.
Situated in the slopes of the mountain, Trans Nzoia has a cool and temperate climate with average annual temperatures ranging between a minimum of 10 °C to a maximum of 27 °C. The county receives annual precipitation ranging between 1000 and 1200mm, with the wettest months being experienced between April and October.
Located between Mt. Elgon and Cherangany Hills, Kitale is the largest town and Trans Nzoia’s administrative capital. Mainly an agricultural town, Kitale has recently shown a lot of economic potential, with agribusiness, real estate and commercial businesses booming the most. The town is home to over 220,000 people and as the last stop of the Kenya railway line, it’s an important center for movement of goods in the North Rift. It has popular banks, restaurants and supermarkets. Palm Restaurant, Tilja and the rooftop restaurant at Kittony Heights are the most recent hangout joints in Kitale town.
Kiminini is a small yet a busy town located some 22 kilometers along Kitale Webuye road. It’s a significant agricultural center. St. Brigids National Girls High Schooll is located at this town.
Maili Saba means “seven miles” in Swahili. It is located along Kitale-Kapenguria road.
Situated at the foot of Mt. Elgon, some 17 kilometers North Western side of Kitale town, Endebess is an important agricultural town, which also serves as a local administrative and commercial center for Kwanza sub county.
Kachibora is situated at the junction of Kitale-Ziwa-Eldoret road/Kitale-Kapcherop-Kapsowar road, about 30 kilometres from Kitale town. Kachibora is a fast growing agricultural town. It is the administrative headquarters of the Trans Nzoia East sub county.
There are about 78 health institutions in Trans Nzoia County – 1 County Referral Hospital, 4 Sub-county Hospitals and 33 Dispensaries. The county has 7 health centers, 28 medical clinics and about 6 nursing homes. Among the notable health facilities include Kitale Referral Hospital, Kapsara sub-county Hospital, Cherangani Sub-county Hospital, Endebess Sub-county Hospital, Mt.Elgon private hospital and Cherangani Nursing Home.
Most outstanding places of interest include Mount Elgon National Park, Saiwa Swamp National Park and Kitale Nature Conservancy. Mt. Elgon National Park is located approximately 11 kilometers from Kitale town. Some of the wild animals found here include elephants, buffalos, black and white colobus, giant forest hog and over 420 bird species.
Saiwa Swamp National Park is located some 27 kilometers from Kitale town towards Kitale – Kapenguria road and is good for game viewing and camping. Kitale Museum, located in the heart of Kitale town is one of the most interesting places in the county. Apart from hosting varieties of traditional artifacts, the Museum is also home to different snakes’ species as well as having one of the largest crocodile pits in Kenya.
Currently, there are over 470 primary schools and 120 secondary schools in Trans Nzoia. The elite primary school in the county is Titan Academy in Matisi which features the newest technology and champions “Premier Education for the Next Generation”. Some of the prominent secondary schools include St. Brigids Girls, St. Monica, St. Joseph’s Boys, Kitale School, St. Joseph’s Girls, St Anthony Boys Hgh (Kitale Day),Kipkeikei boys and Boma Secondary schools. Trans Nzoia has over 20 tertiary institutions, including a university campus, a nursing training college, a teachers’ training college, farmers training institute, youth polytechnic and a number of commercial colleges.
List of constituencies in Trans-Nzoia County
The county has five constituencies (sub-counties):
Cherangani Sub-County (also spelled Cherang’any) is an electoral constituency in Kenya. It was created for the 1988 general election and it is one of five constituencies in Trans-Nzoia County. Now known as Cherangani Sub-County has seven wards, all of which elect Member of county assembly (MCAs) for the Trans Nzoia County government. It is one of five constituencies in Trans-Nzoia County. The constituency was established for the 1988 elections. Prior to the 1988 general election, It was known as Kitale East Constituency, and was represented in the national assembly by Masinde Muliro and earlier by Fred Gumo.
Kwanza Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. The constituency has seven wards, all of which elect councillors for the Nzoia County Council. It is one of five constituencies in Trans-Nzoia County. The constituency was established for the 1988 elections.
Saboti Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. It is one of five constituencies in Trans-Nzoia County. The constituency was established for the 1988 elections. Michael Wamalwa Kijana, former vice-president, represented Saboti Constituency from 1992 until his death in 2003. Earlier he had represented the Kitale West Constituency, which was disestablished before the 1988 elections.
Endebess is a constituency in Kenya. It is one of five constituencies in Trans-Nzoia County
Kiminini is a constituency in Kenya. It is one of five constituencies in Trans-Nzoia County