17.9 C
Los Angeles
Thursday, September 21, 2023

Kamel Park Hotel Contacts

Kamel Park Hotel is a great definition...


Makro and The Fruitspot are the two...
HomeLifeStyleTravelTripoli International Airport

Tripoli International Airport

- Advertisement -

Tripoli International Airport (IATATIPICAOHLLT) (Arabic: مطار طرابلس العالمي) is a closed international airport built to serve Tripoli, the capital city of Libya. The airport is located in the area of Qasr bin Ghashir, 24 kilometres (15 mi) from central Tripoli. It used to be the hub for Libyan AirlinesAfriqiyah Airways, and Buraq Air.

The airport has been closed intermittently since 2011 and as of early 2018, flights to and from Tripoli have been using Mitiga International Airport instead.

During the 2014 Libyan Civil War, the airport was heavily damaged in the Battle of Tripoli Airport. The airport reopened for limited commercial use in July 2017. In April 2019, however, it was reported that Mitiga had become the last functioning airport in Tripoli during the 2019–20 Western Libya campaign. It was soon acknowledged that the ruling Government of National Accord (GNA) had bombed the airport in order to recapture it from the Libyan National Army (LNA). Mitiga was soon shut down as well after being bombed by the LNA, thus making Misrata Airport, located approximately 200 km (125 miles) to the east down the coast, the nearest airport for Tripoli residents.


The airport was originally called Tripoli-Castel Benito Airport and was a Regia Aeronautica (Italian Air Force) airfield built in 1934 in the southern outskirts of Italian Tripoli.

- Advertisement -

In 1938 the governor of Italian LibyaItalo Balbo, enlarged the military airfield to create an international airport for civilians served by Ala Littoria, the official Italian airline: the Aeroporto di Tripoli-Castel Benito. The first international flights were to RomeTunis, and Malta. In 1939, a flight from Rome to Ethiopia and Somalia was one of the first intercontinental flights.

During World War II the airport was destroyed, but the airfield was later used by the British Royal Air Force and named RAF Castel Benito, changing to RAF Idris in 1952. In the 1950s and 1960s the airport was known as Tripoli Idris International Airport. It was renovated for national and international air travel in September 1978. The existing international terminal was designed and built from a masterplan developed by Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners.

- Advertisement -

The airport closed from March 2011 to October 2011 as a result of the United Nations Security Council establishing a no-fly zone over Libya. The Zintan Brigade captured the airport during their advance on Tripoli on 21 August 2011. The airport was officially reopened on 11 October 2011.

On 14 July 2014, the airport was the site of fierce battle as militias from the city of Misrata attempted to take control of the airport. The airport has been closed to flights since the clashes. On 23 August 2014, after 40 days of clashes, Zintan forces, which controlled the airport, withdrew. The Los Angeles Times reported that at least 90% of the airport’s facilities and 20 airplanes were destroyed in the fighting.

While still under the control of Misrata militias, the VIP terminal, which had not been not as badly damaged, was reopened on 16 February 2017. A new passenger terminal is in planning by the political body representing the militias.

- Advertisement -

In April 2019, the airport was captured by forces loyal to the Libyan National Army (LNA) and its leader Khalifa Haftar and was held for over a year, despite the control of the airport passing back to the GNA briefly in May 2019. Due to its location at the southern border of the Tripoli Metropolitan Area, it served as a part of the larger suburban stronghold of Qasr bin Ghashir village south of Tripoli City, used as a staging ground in attacks attempting to capture or weaken GNA’s hold of the capital. As a result of ongoing clashes, it was acknowledged that the open terrain was subject to retaliatory and preliminary bombing by the GNA from Tripoli frontier, making it unusable as an airport.

The airport, along with the village of Qasr bin Ghashir, was retaken in June 2020 by the GNA as part of its 2020 offensive to push back the LNA and end the siege of the capital city. The taking of the airport signified that the GNA had regained control of the entire city and metropolitan area of Tripoli.



The airport had one main passenger terminal that served international and domestic departures and arrivals. The terminal hall was a five-story building with an area of 33,000 square metres (360,000 sq ft), and was capable of handling three million passengers annually. Check-in facilities were all located on the ground floor. The departure gates were located on the floor above as was the duty-free section. Beside this was a prayer room and a first-class lounge which served business class and above on almost all airlines operating from the airport. Seen on google maps, the entire passenger terminal is completely demolished, however the jet ways can still be seen sitting in the position relative to their formal gates.

The airport operated 24 hours a day. There was no overnight accommodation at the airport but there were plans to build an airport hotel to serve transit flyers. A restaurant was on the fourth floor of the international terminal. The head office of the Libyan Civil Aviation Authority was on the airport property.

Expansion plans

In September 2007, the Libyan government announced a project to upgrade and expand the airport. The eventual total cost of the project, contracted to a joint venture between Brazil’s Odebrecht, TAV Construction of Turkey, Consolidated Contractors Company of Greece and Vinci Construction of France, was LD2.54 billion ($2.1 billion). The project was to construct two new terminals at the airport (an East Terminal and a West Terminal) on either side of the existing International Terminal. Each of the new terminals would have been 162,000 square metres (1,740,000 sq ft) in size, and collectively they would have had a capacity of 20 million passengers and a parking lot for 4,400 vehicles. French company Aéroports de Paris designed the terminals, which were expected to serve 100 aircraft simultaneously. Work started in October 2007 on the first new terminal. The initial capacity will be 6 million passengers when the first module comes into operation.

Preparation was also underway for the second new terminal, which would eventually have brought the total capacity to 20 million passengers; the completed airport is expected to strengthen Libya’s position as an African aviation hub. Although the government identified Tripoli airport as a “fast track” project in 2007, leading to construction work starting before the design was fully developed, the project was not be finished until at least May 2011. The cost of the project had also been rising, leading to an intense round of renegotiations. The project has since been halted due to the ongoing civil war that led to further damages to the airport.

In February 2019 the Libyan Ministry of Transportation announced that work at the airport had been resumed. In May 2021 the foreign minister of ItalyLuigi Di Maio, announced that Italian companies would begin construction work at the airport in a few months.

Airlines and destinations

As of July 2014, all passenger flights into Tripoli use Mitiga International Airport; all scheduled cargo operations into Tripoli International Airport have also ceased.

Accidents and incidents

  • On May 9, 1944, a Douglas Dakota III (KG548) of the RAF crashed and burned on takeoff during its delivery flight when the undercarriage retracted. It is unknown if anyone died.[29]
  • On February 1, 1949, an Avro 685 York I (G-AGJD) of BOAC swung to the right during takeoff in a crosswind, overcorrected, and crashed. All 15 occupants survived; the plane was written off.
  • On February 4, 1949, a Douglas C-54A-1-DO (G-AJPL) of Skyways that was chartered by the UK War Office to transport personnel back to the UK from Nairobi crashed after the no. 3 and no. 4 engines failed on approach from Khartoum in heavy rain and low visibility, hitting trees at 700 feet. 1 crew member of the 53 occupants was killed.
  • On October 8, 1949, a Douglas Dakota IV (KN435) of the RAF crashed on takeoff when engine power was lost and was damaged beyond repair. All 3 occupants survived.
  • On November 7, 1949, an Avro 691 Lancastrian C.1 (G-AGMM) of BOAC crashed here and was damaged beyond repair. it is unknown if anyone died.
  • On September 21, 1955, a Canadair C-4 Argonaut (G-ALHL) of BOAC on a flight from London to Kano crashed on approach here, striking trees 1200 feet short of runway 11 at 22:23 UTC in strong winds and poor visibility. 15 of the 47 occupants were killed.
  • On June 1, 1970, a Tupolev Tu-104A (OK-NDD) of CSA Ceskoslovenske Aerolinie crashed on approach from Prague, hitting the ground 5.5 km south of runway 36 at 350 km/h after 2 failed visual approaches to runway 18 at 03:12 UTC and catching fire. All 13 occupants were killed.
  • On January 2, 1971, a de Havilland DH-106 Comet 4C (SU-ALC) of UAA arriving from Algiers crashed on approach after hitting sand dunes at 395 feet during an ADF procedure turn for runway 18; all 16 occupants were killed.
  • On April 15, 1986, an attack by 6 F-111F strategic bombers at 02:10 on the airport destroyed 3 Ilyushin Il-76 transport planes, 2 of Jamahiriya Air Transport (5A-DNF and 5A-DNL) and one owned by the Libyan Arab Republic Air Force (5A-DLL), and a de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 of the Libyan Ministry of Agriculture (5A-DCS).
  • On July 27, 1989, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 (HL7328) on Korean Air Flight 803 crashed 2.4 km (1.5 miles) short of the runway at 07:05 on approach, striking 4 houses and several cars; 75 of the 199 occupants were killed, along with 4 people on the ground.

Make sure to check out our social media to keep track of the latest content.

Instagram @nyongesasande

Twitter @nyongesasande

Facebook Nyongesa Sande

YouTube @nyongesasande

Disclaimer: The information that Nyongesasande.com provides on this website is obtained from publicly available resources and is intended for information or educational purposes only. We aim to present the most accurate information possible. Through this website, you might link to other websites which are not under our control. We have no control over the nature, content and availability of those websites. Inclusion of any links does not necessarily imply a recommendation or endorsement of the views expressed within them. All content on this website is copyright to the website’s owner and all rights are reserved. We take no responsibility for, and will not be liable for, the website being temporarily unavailable due to technical issues beyond our control. Please refer to our terms and conditions and privacy policy before using this website.

Previous article
Next article

- A word from our sponsors -

Most Popular

More from Author

Duncan Kiige: A Remarkable Force in the World of Social Work

Duncan Kiige is indeed a force to reckon with in the...

Kamel Park Hotel Contacts

Kamel Park Hotel is a great definition of tranquility due to...


Makro and The Fruitspot are the two components of Masswarhouse. Makro...

Murray and Roberts Holdings

Murray and Roberts Holding is a South Africa based engineering and...

- A word from our sponsors -

Read Now