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How does social welfare policy happen? The policy process in the American political system generally entails these steps:
- A bill is introduced in Congress (legislative branch). Evidence is presented to promote or oppose the bill. It is debated and voted upon.
- If the bill is passed into law, regulatory agencies (executive branch) begin drafting rules and regulations to enforce the law.
- If a law or regulation is challenged on legal grounds, the Supreme Court (judicial branch) intervenes to interpret the law or overrule it.
This process is also influenced by non-governmental organizations, or NGOs, which include non-profits. These groups produce research that is then used to promote particular social welfare policy initiatives. Individual members of these groups may be called to testify before Congress on specific social welfare policy matters.
Here are some examples of governmental groups that play a role in social welfare policy in the United States:
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