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Samuel Raymond Scottron (February 1841 – October 14, 1908) was a prominent African-American inventor from Brooklyn, N.Y. who began his career as a barber. He was born in Philadelphia in 1841. He received his engineering degree from Cooper Union in 1878.

He was a community leader in New York, setting up organizations to promote racial harmony and fairness, as well as a public speaker and writer on race relations. He was a member of the Brooklyn board of education, and a leader in the Republican Party. He fought for the end of slavery in Cuba and Puerto Rico. Scottron served as Chairman of the Cuban Anti-Slavery Committee which met at the Cooper Institute.

He invented a special mirror bracket that allowed one to see oneself as others saw them. He went on to receive four more patents, one of which being the curtain rod.


Samuel Scottron moved with his family to New York City when he was a child, where he completed grammar school. During the American Civil War, he was the sutler for the 3rd United States Colored Infantry and almost went bankrupt. To recoup his fortunes, he first operated grocery stores in Gainesville and Jacksonville, Florida, and then a barber shop in Springfield, Massachusetts. It was there that he developed and patented his first invention, the adjustable window cornice. Moving to Brooklyn, New York, he worked as a traveling salesman for an import-export business located in lower Manhattan while continuing to patent his inventions and, by the late 1880s, was able to support himself and his family by manufacturing the products derived from his patents. His company, the Scottron Manufacturing Company, was located at 98 Monroe Street in Brooklyn. He helped improve society through his anti-slavery efforts and his inventions.

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Scottron graduated from grammar school at the age of fourteen. He went to work for his father in 1863, during the Civil War, selling goods to the 3rd Infantry Regiment of the US Colored Soldiers. Scottron moved to Florida in 1864, breaking from the family business and started a grocery store chain, with stores in Gainesville, Jacksonville, Lakeville, Palatka, and Tallahassee. He soon sold off his profits and relocated to Springfield, Massachusetts, and worked as a barber. After taking note of the difficulty his customers had, trying to see the back of their heads, Scottron created dual adjustable mirrors on a standing pole. He obtained a patent for his first invention, the Scottron Mirror, in March 1868.

Moving back to New York City, Scottron became involved in race related issues and local politics. He represented his community in the 1865 National Colored Convention held in Syracuse, New York. In 1872, Scottron formed the Cuban Anti-Slavery Society with abolitionist Rev. Henry Highland Garnet. Scottron graduated from Cooper Union with a degree in Superior Ability in Algebra and Engineering in 1875. He then obtained a patent for an adjustable window cornice in 1880, and became a traveling salesman for Kroder, who manufactured Scottrons’s products.

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Scottron obtained patents for a cornice in 1883, a pole tip in 1886, a curtain rod in 1892, and a supporting bracket in 1893. Many of his inventions were not patented, but he still gained royalties for them. Scottron is also credited with inventing the “leather hand strap device” used for support when standing on trolley cars.  He came up with the idea after traveling to San Francisco, California. In 1894, Scottron perfected a way to make glass look like onyx, and four large Connecticut firms manufactured these items.  In 1894, Sottron was appointed to the Brooklyn Board of Education and served as its only African American member for the next eight years.

Scottron spent thirty-five years writing on race-related matters for various newspapers and magazines. His articles can be found in the New York Age, the Boston Herald, and the Colored American. His final works were published in “New York African Society for Mutual Relief- Ninety Seventh Anniversary,” 1905. Scottron founded the Society of the Sons of New York in 1884, and belonged to the Brooklyn Academy of Sciences and the Cooper Union Alumni Society. He held membership in the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite (33rd degree Mason), and was Grand Secretary General of its Supreme Council of the United States for several years.

Scottron married Anna Maria Willet, and the couple had three daughters and three sons. Scottron’s great granddaughter was actress and singer Lena Horne. The family life has been documented by Horne’s daughter, Gail Lumet Buckley, in The Hornes: An American Family. Samuel Raymond Scottron died of natural causes on October 14, 1908.

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Samuel Scottron married Anna Maria Willett, a native New Yorker, in 1863; they would have five children.

Samuel Raymond Scottron died of natural causes on October 14, 1908.

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