The Constitution of Kenya is the supreme law of the Republic of Kenya. There have been three significant versions of the constitution, with the most recent redraft being enabled in 2010. The 2010 edition replaced the 1963 independence constitution. The constitution was presented to the Attorney General of Kenya on 7 April 2010, officially published on 6 May 2010, and was subjected to a referendum on 4 August 2010. The new Constitution was approved by 67% of Kenyan voters. The constitution was promulgated on 27 August 2010.
Constitutional reforms involving wholly new texts since gaining independence: in 1969 and in 2010. In 1969, the 1963 independence constitution was replaced with a new text that entrenched amendments already made to the system of government that the independence constitution had contemplated
We, the people of Kenya—
Acknowledging the supremacy of the Almighty God of all creation:
Honouring those who heroically struggled to bring freedom and justice to our land:
Proud of our ethnic, cultural and religious diversity, and determined to live in peace and unity as one indivisible sovereign nation:
Respectful of the environment, which is our heritage, and determined to sustain it for the benefit of future generations:
Committed to nurturing and protecting the well-being of the individual, the family, communities and the nation:
Recognising the aspirations of all Kenyans for a government based on the essential values of human rights, equality, freedom, democracy, social justice and the rule of law:
Exercising our sovereign and inalienable right to determine the form of governance of our country and having participated fully in the making of this Constitution:
Adopt, Enact and give this Constitution to ourselves and to our future generations.
The Constitution of Kenya 2010
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