Kawangware (Swahili: [kawaŋˈgware]) is a low income residential area in Nairobi, Kenya, about 15 km west of the city centre, between Lavington and Dagoretti. Kawangware- Named after the Man called Ngware. He opened the 1st shop there in 60s and Kikuyus would say (ndathii gatuka-ini KA+WA+NGWARE) “I have gone to shop at Ngware’s shop”
According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, Kawangware’s population was 133,286 people at this time. It is estimated that 65% of the population are children and youths. Most inhabitants live on less than $2 (although they earn in shillings) a day and unemployment is high; many are self-employed traders. There is a diversity of ethnic backgrounds.
Kawangware slum has more posho mills than bars, making it an ‘ugali nation’ for it’s over 130,000 mouths whose palates, unlike those of other Nairobians, have no time for supermarket unga, the grade-one sifted maize meal favoured by middle-class stomachs.
Kawangware has a scarcity of safe drinking water. Water supplied by the city authority is not available every day or is otherwise expensive. There are waterborne diseases, respiratory pneumonia, malaria as well as an increase in cases of airborne diseases due to the poor sewerage system in Kawangware. Many people in Kawangware are HIV-positive.
Kawangware has supermarkets, a library, a medical clinic and the Kawangware Primary School, Kawangware School and Kawangware Academy. However, many children in the slum do not attend school.
Dagoretti is an area in the western part of Nairobi, the capital of Kenya. Administratively it is one of eight divisions of Nairobi. The Dagoretti division is divided into six Locations. The electoral Dagoretti South Constituency has the same boundaries as Dagoretti division.
It is difficult to say when Dagoretti was first inhabited. But by the late 1890s when Europeans first visited the area, they found a populated and cultivated territory.
19th century Dagoretti was part of the rich food-producing Kikuyu country and was populated with Masai and Kikuyu people as it lay on the edge of Masai Country. Kikuyu farmed sugar cane and banana among other crops while Maasai kept cattle. The two groups cohabited and their lives together ebbed between trade and raid. In fact some Kikuyus spoke Maasai, some Maasai spoke Gikuyu. The prominent Kikuyu leader Waiyaki wa Hinga is believed to have Maasai heritage.
In August 1890 Fredrick Lugard departed Mombasa for Lake Victoria on behalf of the Imperial British East Africa Company. Part of his mission was to establish treaties with local tribes and build forts along the route to Lake Victoria. Lugard arrived at Dagoertti by October 1890 having walked over 350 miles from Mombasa with his entourage of Sudanese askaris led by Shukri Aga; Somali scouts led by Dualla Idris and nearly 300 Swahili porters.
Idris had already visited Dagoretti a few years earlier while serving on Count Sámuel Teleki‘s 1886 -1889 expedition to Lake Turkana.
At Dagoretti Lugard was introduced to local leader and land owner Waiyaki wa Hinga with whom he formed an alliance by participating in a traditional blood brotherhood ceremony. Waiyaki helped Lugard identify a piece of land on which to built a fort. The fort at Dagoretti was the seventh IBEAC fort and the first north of Machakos
The Main form of Transport is by road, small buses (matatus) and buses (Kenya Bus Service, City Hoppa, City Shuttle and Connection Bus) offer short distance trips to the City Centre.
The Dagoretti railway station is on the main line of the national railway system.
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