The Grand Coalition

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    Nyongesa Sande

    Kenya held its Tenth General Election on the 27th of December 2007. A dispute that followed the announcement of the result by the Electoral Commission of Kenya (ECK) unfortunately degenerated into an unprecedented seven-week long spate of violence in some parts of the country, leading to loss of lives, dislocation of some citizens, destruction of property and general disruption of social and economic life.

    The former Secretary General of the United Nations His Excellency Mr. Koffi Annan with the assistance of eminent persons from across the African continent including H.E. President Jakaya Kikwete, Chairman of the African Union and President of Tanzania, H.E. Mrs. Graca Machel, His Excellency Mr. Benjamin Mkapa and His Excellency Mr. Joachim Chisano, helped broker a reconciliation between H.E. President Mwai Kibaki and his main contender Hon. Raila Odinga leading to the signing of the National Accord and Reconciliation Agreement, thus paving the way for the restoration of peace and security in the country and a return to normalcy in the affected regions.

    The Agreement, included a fundamental change in the Government structure to introduce the post of Prime Minister, with two Deputy Premiers and the formation of a Grand Coalition between the President’s party of National Unity and Hon.Odinga’s Orange Democratic Movement Party.

    Following the agreement, H.E. the President and the Prime Minister Designate appointed a National Accord Implementation Committee to prepare a program of action for the Grand Coalition Government (GCG), synchronize the manifestos of the coalition parties and identify short, medium and long term policies for implementation by the GCG.

    The Committee established a reconciliation and building program covering the entire country with activities cascaded down to all districts and constituencies and involved the Private Sector, Civil Society, Media, Community Based Organizations, Sports Personalities and Faith Based Organizations in the National Emergency Recovery Strategy.

    In parallel to this, three important Bodies were established: The Truth Justice and Reconciliation Commission, The Commission of Enquiry on Post-Election Violence and Independent Review Committee on the 2007 Elections. Through these Bodies truth, reconciliation and healing will be brought to Kenya and its people.

    The parties also agreed on a process and roadmap for comprehensive constitutional reform, which will strengthen the institutions of Governance and address the long term differences that contributed to the violence.

    Through implementation of the National Accord and Reconciliation Agreement, the Grand Coalition Government embarked on the reconstruction of the economy and settlement of the affected people. At that time, putting the economy back on its growth path and settlement of people affected by the crisis was top on agenda of the Grand Coalition Government.

    President Mwai Kibaki served his second term in the Grand Coalition Government with Hon. Raila Odinga as the Prime Minister until March 2013 when Hon. Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta was elected as the fourth President of the Republic of Kenya with Hon. William Samoei Ruto as His Deputy. H.E President Uhuru Kenyatta and H.E Deputy President, William Samoei Ruto were re-elected on 26th October 2017 for their second term in office.

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