The Zambian flag is a green field with right an eagle and a vertical striped box. The used colors in the flag are red, green, black, orange. The proportion of the Zambian flag is 2:3. The Flag of Zambia was adopted in 1964. The first use of the current flag design was in 1964. The last change to the current Zambian flag design was in 1996.
The current flag is used as both national flag and ensign. It is green with an orange-coloured African fish eagle in flight over a rectangular block of three vertical stripes, coloured, from left to right: red, black and orange. The placement of the eagle and block of stripes at the flag’s fly is notable as most emblems and devices on flags are placed at centre or at the hoist. Green stands for the nation’s lush flora, red for the nation’s struggle for freedom, black for the Zambian people, and orange for the land’s natural resources and mineral wealth. Additionally, the eagle flying above the coloured stripes is intended to represent the people’s ability to rise above the nation’s problems.
The Zambian flag was slightly modified in 1996. The shade of green used in the 1964 flag was replaced with brighter and lighter green and the eagle was slightly altered so as to be more like the one used in the Zambian coat of arms.
The design of the national flag of Zambia is described in National Flag and Armorial Ensigns Act of 4 June 1965.
Green with an orange coloured eagle in flight over a rectangular block of three vertical stripes coloured from left to right in red, black and orange; of overall dimensions 3:2; and to the following colour specifications:
The flag’s colours and emblems are rich in symbolism. Each of the four colours represents an aspect of Zambia: green for the country’s natural resources and vegetation; red for its struggle for freedom; black for its people and orange for its mineral wealth (primarily copper). The eagle is an African fish eagle, which also appears in the national coat of arms and represents the people’s ability to rise above the nation’s problems
By law, the Zambian flag should be flown only between the hours of sunrise and sunset and may be flown:
at buildings or premises owned or occupied by the Government;
at buildings or premises owned or occupied by local government authorities;