The Ivorian flag is a vertical tricolour. The used colors in the flag are green, white, orange. The proportion of the Ivorian flag is 2:3. The Flag of Ivory Coast was adopted in 1959.
The flag of Ivory Coast (French: drapeau de la Côte d’Ivoire) features three equal vertical bands of orange (hoist side), white, and green. It is also the national emblem of the Republic of Ivory Coast. Its status as the national emblem is affirmed in article 29 of the Constitution of Ivory Coast since 1960. The flag has the proportions of 2:3.
Design and symbolism
In 1959, when the Ivorian Legislative Assembly was adopting the flag, Minister of State Jean Delafosse said:
The National Emblem must be the living symbol of the fatherland:
- orange: recalling the color of our rich and generous earth; it is the meaning of our struggle, the blood of a young people in its struggle for our emancipation;
- white: peace, but the peace of right;
- green: hope, of course, for others; but for us, the certainty of a better future
In 1960, when the Legislative Assembly was drafting the constitution, Mamadou Coulibaly said:
the Orange stripe expresses the splendour of national blossoming, while also serving as a reminder of the Northern Savannas. The White stripe glorifies peace in purity and union of hearts, and is the pledge of our success; and the Green stripe, expression of our hope for the future, recalls the luxuriant virgin forest of Ivory Coast, the first great source of national prosperity. The vertical alignment of the stripes symbolises the dynamic youth which heads for the future under the national motto “Union, Discipline and Work.”
Gabriel Rougerie wrote in 1964, “The flag unites the colors of the three great landscapes of the Ivory Coast: green forest, white lagoon and orange savanna.”
The 1958 referendum which replaced the French Fourth Republic with the Fifth Republic also replaced the French Union with a French Community, under which most colonies became “autonomous states,” including Ivory Coast on 4 December 1958. The new status allowed the adoption of a distinctive flag for the first time, in place of the French one. The French commissioner suggested a red-white-and-blue flag with stars, but the Ivorians wanted a greater departure from the flag of the former colonial power. The orange-white-and-green flag was adopted by law number 59-240, passed by the Ivorian Legislative Assembly on 3 December 1959, just before the first anniversary of autonomy.
Head of government Félix Houphouët-Boigny declared full independence from France on 7 August 1960, and the Legislative Assembly sat as a constituent assembly to draft a new constitution. Augustin Loubao proposed changing the orange stripe to red, to symbolize a willingness to shed blood to defend the new republic. Other legislators expressed strong opposition to any change, and the existing flag was retained in Article 1 of the constitution adopted on 3 December 1960. It was retained as Article 29 of the 2000 constitution and Article 48 of the 2016 constitution.
The Irish flag has a similar color layout to the Ivorian one, but with the green on the hoist side and a longer proportion (1:2 instead of 2:3). When Murielle Ahouré celebrated winning the 2018 world indoor 60-meter dash, for lack of an Ivorian flag to wave, she borrowed an Irish flag from a spectator and reversed it. Due to this similarity, in Northern Ireland, Ulster loyalists have sometimes desecrated the Ivorian flag, mistaking it for the Irish oneIn some cases, Ivorian flags displayed in Northern Ireland have signs explicitly labelling them as such nearby to avoid having them desecrated by Ulster loyalists mistaking them for Irish ones.
The flag of Niger, also adopted in 1959 when Niger and Ivory Coast were both members of the Conseil de l’Entente, is a horizontal tricolor of orange, white and green; as with the Ivorian flag, the orange and green are sometimes said to represent the arid north and the more fertile south respectively
The three bands of the Ivorian tricolor must have the same width, and the mast is always placed on the side of the orange band. Although all laws define the colors of the flag, they do not specify the shade, so the bright orange and green colors can be replaced with slightly darker tones depending on the location and circumstances. The Album des pavillons nationaux et des marques distinctives, the 2000 edition of the Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service of the Navy, indicates that the official colors of the Ivorian flag are orange 151 C and green 347 C. CMYK values for the flag are based on Ivorian government usage and are a little darker than the Pantone colors which are used by Ireland.
||255, 130, 0
||0, 70, 100, 0
||255, 255, 255
||0, 0, 0, 0
||0, 154, 68
||77, 20, 95, 4