The Angolan flag is a vertical bicolour with in the center the national emblem. The used colors in the flag are red, yellow, black. The proportion of the Angolan flag is 2:3. The Flag of Angola was adopted in 1975. The first use of the current flag design was in 1975. The last change to the current Angolan flag design was in 1975.
he Angolan flag is based on the flag of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), which fought Portuguese colonial rule and emerged as the ruling party of Angola following the Angolan Civil War. The MPLA flag is similar to the flag of Angola but features a star in place of the central emblem.
The National Flag of the Republic of Angola has two horizontal bands of red and black with the Machete and Gear Emblem in gold in the center consisted of a five pointed-star within a half gear wheel crossed by a machete (resembling the hammer and sickle used on the Soviet flag). As outlined in the Constitution of Angola, the red half of the flag signifies bloodshed – during Angola’s colonial period, independence struggle, and in defense of the country. The black half symbolizes Africa. In the central emblem, the gear represents industrial workers and production, the machete represents peasantry, agricultural production and the armed struggle and the star, shaped like the red star, symbolizes international solidarity and progress. The yellow color of the emblem symbolizes the country’s wealth. The Constitution of 1975 described the red stripe as symbolizing bloodshed during the colonial period, national liberation and a revolution – and reference to revolution was replaced with “defense of the country” in the constitution of 1992. In other changes of wording between the 1975 and 1992 versions, the machete was changed from a symbol of “internationalism” to “international solidarity,” and references to “working class” and “peasant class” were replaced with “workers” and “peasants”
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