Embu County is a county of Kenya. The capital of Embu County and the former Eastern province headquarters, Embu is a large and largely metropolitan area with a population of 608,599 persons. The county borders Kirinyaga to the west, Kitui to the east, Tharaka Nithi to the north, Machakos to the south. The county occupies an area of 2,821 km2
Administrative and political units
The county is divided into 5 sub-counties, with a total of 20 county assembly wards, 51 locations and 127 locations.
Embu County is divided into five districts; namely, Embu West with headquarters at Embu town, and Embu North with headquarters at Manyatta. These two form Manyatta constituency, Embu East with headquarters at Runyenjes, Mbeere North with headquarters at Siakago, and Mbeere South with headquarters at Kiritiri market.Embu County Monument
The term “Sub County” is envisaged in the County Governments’ context where it is synonymous to “Constituencies” and not just administrative areas.
Embu County has four parliamentary constituencies, namely Runyenjes, Manyatta, Mbeere North and Mbeere South.
The governor is Martin Nyaga Wambora since 2013 and is serving his last term in office after being re-elected in office for second term in 2017 and is deputised by David Kariuki Njeru. Martin Nyaga Wambora survived two impeachment attempts in his first term as the governor. Peter Njeru Ndwiga the senator and Jane Wanjuki Njiru the women representative with both of them starting office in 2017.
Local people are mostly of the Embu, Kamba and Mbeere ethnicities. The Embu are found in Manyatta and Runyenjes constituencies while the Kamba and Mbeere are mostly found in Mbeere North and Mbeere South constituencies with the former mainly found in Mbeere South.
Embu county has a total population of 608,599 persons of which 304,208 are males, 304,367 females and 24 intersex persons and has an average size of 3.3 persons per household.
Projected Population Distribution and Density
Mt. Kenya Forest*
*Demarcated as a special area to ensure complete coverage during census enumeration
Physical and Natural Conditions
Physical and Topographic Features
Embu County slopes from North-West towards East and South-East with a few isolated hills such as Kiambere, Kianjiru and Kiang’ombe which rise above the general height and slope. The County is characterised by highlands and lowlands. It rises from about 515m above sea level at the Tana river basin in the East to over 4,570m above sea in the North West which is part of Mt. Kenya. Embu County is served by six major rivers;for of them, Thũci, Tana, Kiĩ and Rũvingasĩ which form part of the Embu County’s boundaries. The other two rivers are Thiba and Ĩna. All these rivers are perennial. Between Embu town and Thũci river lies an area with an altitude ranging from 910m to 1,525m above sea level. The Southern part of the County is covered by Mwea plains. It then rises Northwards, culminating in hills and valleys to the Northern and Eastern parts.
Rain received in the county is largely depended on the altitude ranging as 640mm to as high as 1,495 mm per annum. It has a mean temperature of 21oC. with July being the coldest with minimum of 12oC and March hitting highest temperatures of 31c.
List of Secondary Schools in Embu County – Not Ranked
1. Kangaru School – Boys Boarding – 14303101 2. St. Marys Kiangima Secondary School – Girls Boarding – 14303102 3. Kangaru Girls School – Girls Boarding – 14303104 4. Kirimari Secondary School – Boys Boarding – 14303105 5. Itabua Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14303107 6. Gatunduri Mixed Day Secondary – Mixed Day – 14303108 7. Embu County Mixed Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14303110 8. Kamiu Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14303111 9. Gatondo Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14303112 10. Nthambo Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14303116 11. Kimangaru Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14303117 12. St Paul’s High School Kevote – Boys Boarding – 14303201 13. St. Joseph’s Secondary School-Mtetu – Boys Boarding – 14303202 14. St Teresa’s Girl’ – Kithimu – Girls Boarding – 14303203 15. Kithegi Mixed Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14303205 16. St Christopher Mixed Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14303206 17. St. Luke’s Day Secondary School-Karurina – Mixed Day – 14303207 18. St Fransic Ngoire Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14303208 19. St Benedict’s Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14303209 20. St. Michael Mixed Day School – Mixed Day – 14303210 21. Rukira Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14303211 22. Siakago Boys High School – Boys Boarding – 14312101 23. Siakago Girls’ Secondary School – Girls Boarding – 14312103 24. Gangara Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14312104 25. Kiambere School Complex– Mixed Boarding – 14312105 26. ACK Riandu Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14312106 27. Gitibure Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14312107 28. Siakago Mixed Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14312108 29. Itiira Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14312109 30. Kivue Day Mixed Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14312111 31. St John the Baptist – Kirie Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14312112 32. Kanyuambora Secondary School – Boys Boarding – 14312301 33. Kigwambiti Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14312303 34. Karangare Secondary School – Mixed Day & Boarding – 14312304 35. Kathigagaceru Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14312305 36. A.C.K St. Barnabas-Kavengero – Mixed Day – 14312306 37. Gitii A.C.K. Secondary School – Mixed Day- 14312307 38. Kamarandi Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14312308 39. St. Lukes Secondary School – Kamwaa – Mixed Day – 14312309 40. St. Rita Secondary School – Ngunyumu – Mixed Day – 14312310 41. St. John XXIII Gwakaithi Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14312311 42. St. Michael Secondary School Kyenire – Mixed Day – 14312312 43. St. Timothy’s Kianjeru Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14312313 44. St. Catherine Nthagaiya Girls Secondary School – Girls Boarding – 14333102 45. Thigingi Girls Secondary School – Girls Boarding – 14333103 46. Kanja Technical Secondary School – Mixed Day & Boarding – 14333104 47. Gichiche Secondary School – Girls Boarding – 14333105 48. Gitare Mixed Secondary School – Mixed Day & Boarding – 14333106 49. St Mark’s Ena Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333107 50. S.A Gikuuri Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333108 51. Macumo Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333109 52. Mugui Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333110 53. St. Marys Kigaa Mixed Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333111 54. St John Kathande – Mixed Day – 14333112 55. Ugweri Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333113 56. ACK. Kagaari Mixed Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333114 57. Muragari Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333115 58. Kithunguthia Mixed Day School – Mixed Day – 14333116 59. St. Thomas Aquinas Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333117 60. ACK Ndumari Day Secondary School – Mixed Day –14333118 61. St John Fishers Secondary School Mbui Njeru – Mixed Day – 14333119 62. S.A Nduuri Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333120 63. Kyeni Girls’ High School – Girls Boarding – 14333201 64. Kegonge Boys High School – Boys Boarding – 14333202 65. St Agnes Kiaganari Girls Secondary School – Girls Boarding – 14333203 66. S.A Kyeni Girls Secondary School – Girls Boarding – 14333204 67. St. Mary Goretti Girls’ Secondary School – Rukurir – Girls Boarding – 14333205 68. St John Kathunguri Secondary School – Mixed Day & Boarding – 14333206 69. St. Getrude Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333207 70. Kiangungi Secondary School – Mixed Day & Boarding – 14333208 71. Ciamanda Mixed Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333209 72. Mufu Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333210 73. St Jude Karurumo Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333211 74. St Barnabas Kathari Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333212 75. S.A Mukuria Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333213 76. E.A.P.C Kariru Mixed Day Secondary School – Mixed Day- 14333214 77. St Anthony Kivuria Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333215 78. A.C.K Nyagari Mixed Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14333216 79. Mayori – Mixed Boarding – 14341101 80. Kiambere Mixed Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341103 81. Mariari Girls Secondary School – Girls Boarding – 14341104 82.St Thomas Igumori – Mixed Boarding – 14341105 83. Machang’a Mixed Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341106 84. Kerwa Mixed Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341107 85. Mutuobare Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341108 86. Kabuguri Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341109 87. Nyangwa Boys’ High School – Boys Boarding – 14341201 88. Ngenge Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341202 89. Kiamuringa Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341203 90. St.Clare Girls Kangeta – Girls Boarding – 14341204 91. Yoder Karwigi Mixed Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341205 92. Kirima Mixed Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341206 93. Gikiiro Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341207 94. Mbita Secondary School – Mixed Boarding- 14341208 95. St. Mary’s Gataka Mixed Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341209 96. Mbondoni Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341301 97. Makima Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341302 98. Kanyonga Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341303 99. Mashamba Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341304 100. Karaba Boys Secondary School – Boys Boarding – 14341401 101. Stephen Kisilu Secondary School Riakanau – Mixed Boarding – 14341402 102. Gategi Girls Secondary School – Girls Boarding – 14341403 103. Joseph Allamano – Wachoro Secondary – Boys Boarding – 14341404 104. Gitaraka Girls Secondary School – Girls Boarding – 14341405 105. Mbonzuni Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341406 106. Iria Itune Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341407 107. A.C.K Malikini Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341409 108. Wango AIC Secondary School – Mixed Boarding – 14341410 109. Kamama Secondary School – Boys Boarding – 14355101 110. Kiriari Girls High School – Girls Boarding – 14355102 111. Gituri Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355103 112. St. Martha Day Mixed Secondary – Mixed Day – 14355104 113. Kithunguriri Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355105 114. D.E.B Kairuri Mixed Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355107 115. All Saints Kigari Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355108 116. St Marys Makangu – Mixed Day – 14355109 117. Kamviu Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355110 118. Kiriari Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355111 119. Kavutiti Boys Secondary School – Boys Boarding – 14355112 120. St John Kianjuki – Girls Boarding – 14355113 121. Kianjokoma Mixed Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355114 122. DEB Kavutiri Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355115 123. S.A Manyatta Mixed Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355116 124. Kirigi Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355131 125. Nguviu Boys High School – Boys Boarding – 14355201 126. Nguviu Girls Secondary School – Girls Boarding – 14355202 127. St Peter’s Kathakwa Secondary School – Girls Boarding – 14355203 128. Kagumori Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355204 129. Muvandori Mixed Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355205 130. St. Alphonse Mixed Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355206 131. St. Joseph the Worker Day Secondary School – Mixed Day – 14355207 132. St. Benedicts Secondary School-Karau – Mixed Day – 14355208
Infrastructure and Access
Roads and Airstrips
The county has extensive road network of 2,213.1 km of which 167.1 km is covered in bitumen and 2046 km is just earth.
There are two airstrips in the county, one meant security purposes is located at Don Bosco in Embu town and the other airstrip in Kiambere is used by KENGEN.
Posts and Telecommunications
The posts and telecommunications sector is well developed in Embu County. It has two post offices at Embu and Runyenjes and 13 sub-post offices in major trading centres.
Embu County also has a 98% mobile network coverage
Post Offices and Letter Boxes
Letter boxes installed
Letter boxes rented
Letter boxes vacant
Education and ICT
A polytechnic in Embu County
County has a total of 619 ECD centres of which 399 private and 220 public and has total enrolment of 20580 pupils. There are 552 primary schools of which 384 are public and 168 being private schools and has an enrolment of 122710 pupils.
The county was the first to employ early childhood development education teachers in Kenya. Since January 2014, 483 ECDE teachers were employed.There was opening of 10 youth polytechnics: Mutuobare, Mbonzuki, Makawani, Kiamuringa, Munyori, Makima, Kibugu, Kamutu, Muvandori, and Kavutiri. There was also procurement of state of the art equipment of the 32 youth polytechnics in the County. Education Bursary for the needy County students in secondary schools, youth polytechnics, tertiary institutions and universities. The county has advertised for land on which to build youth polytechnics in Nembure, Gitare, Gatumbi and Kithimu. The county is in its final stages of connecting all sub-county headquarters with fibre optic connectivity and putting up digital villages and hot spots. This will largely boost the economy of Embu County by opening up the Local and International markets for all stakeholders especially for farmers to sell their produce online.
Some of Embu County’s Ambulances
The county has a health infrastructure consisting of both public and private facilities. It is the host to Embu Provincial General Hospital and three district hospitals; Runyenjes, Siakago and Ishiara. There are also a large number of smaller health facilities across the county. The main aim of health sector is to create an enabling environment for the provision of sustainable quality health care that is affordable and accessible to the residents. The sector comprises Medical Services, Public Health and Sanitation, Research and Development sub-sectors. Embu County has adhered to the Ministry of Health policy by providing subsidized services, which are affordable to the community. There exists a waiver/ exemption system for those who cannot afford minimized user fees. To Improve access and utilization of health services, the county has opened more dispensaries and health centers as a way of rolling out more services to the community. Upgrading the existing facilities to offer expanded services has been in the forefront to meet community needs. Collaborating with other partners to offer more and affordable Health services has been inevitable. Early 2014 the county distributed drugs to all health centers in the county and purchased ambulances to aid the community to easily access health services.
Agriculture is the backbone and livelihood of the people of Embu County. The sector employs 70.1 per cent of the population and 87.9 per cent of the households are engaged in Agricultural activities. The upper part of Embu County relies mainly on cash crops such as coffee and tea while the lower part mainly produces cash crops such as miraa(khat) and food crops such as maize, beans, cow peas, bananas, sorghum, tomatoes, pawpaw, avocado and citrus fruits.
The total acreage under food crops is about 14,000 ha compared to the total acreage under cash crops of 19’000 ha. The County heavily relies on Agriculture as the source of livelihood for its people and also as the main economic activity.
Livestock farming is gaining popularity with the revival of milk cooperatives and investment by private sector on milk processing plants. Dairy farming is concentrated in the upper parts of the County while in the lower parts indigenous breeds are reared. The main types of animals reared include cattle, goats, sheep and chicken. Rabbit rearing has also become an attractive venture to the farmers.
The main types of fish in the County include; trout, tilapia, mud fish and cat fish which are available mostly in the hydroelectric dams. The government through the Economic Stimulus Program has constructed 200 fish ponds in each of the four constituencies and the fish harvested is usually sold locally. The Ministry of Fisheries Development has not only supervised the construction of fish pond but also supplied fish food and fish fingerlings to the farmers.
Tourism is a key sub-sector that has a high potential in the County for both local and international tourists. Some of the available sites include caves, waterfalls and rocky hills for rock climbers. The County is also a gateway to Mt. Kenya which, if aggressively marketed can bring huge incomes to the County. The County is also a host to a number of hydro-electric power dams which are a source of tourist attraction for both local and international tourists. The major dams that generate hydroelectric power for the Country are partly in Embu County. These dams include Kiambere, Gitaru, Kindaruma and Masinga all of which are situated along the Tana River.
Two National reserves namely; Mwea and Mt. Kenya that are managed by KWS have great potential for the tourism industry in the County. Other potential tourist attractions include the Nthenge Njeru water falls near Kirimiri. There are a variety of wildlife species such as elephants, buffaloes, lions, bush bulks, baboons, hippos, columbus monkeys and numerous species of birds.
One of the major challenges in Embu County has been the road network which is currently under construction. Major ring-roads connecting major towns are being graded for tarmacking. While other small figure roads have been graded and are being fitted with murram. Access to water for domestic purposes and farming has been a great challenge. However, Embu County has initiated a program dubbed ‘Water for Children’ which is set to ensure all public institutions i.e. schools, health institutions, bus parks, markets etc. have access to clean water. Already, through this project 6,000 new domestic connections have been made. In addition, through the Ministry of Agriculture in Embu County, new irrigation projects have been started especially drip irrigation which has boosted Agricultural produce in the County. Such irrigation projects are in Mbeere South and Mbeere North constituencies which are the semi-arid areas in Embu County.
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Embu County is naturally endowed with plenty of land. It slopes on the Eastern side of Mt.Kenya which is less steep which makes it ideal for fast climbing of Mt. Kenya. It is also ideal for people with disabilities. Five of the seven forks dams are in Embu County and they have been sighted as ideal for water sports such as kayaking. 3,000 acres of land have been set aside for putting up of an industrial park in Machang’a Mbeere South Constituency while Manyatta Constituency will host the Small Medium Enterprise (SME) park. Embu City is in its initial stages of design and construction. Embu County is setting up a talent academy in Embu city and a high altitude training camp in Kigari, Manyatta constituency. Embu County is known for macadamia owing to the fact that it is the largest producer of macadamia in the African Great Lakes. Therefore, the County is putting up a macadamia factory in Manyatta constituency for value addition on the product.
Embu County plans to put up tented camps in Mwea National Reserve. Climbing Mt. Kenya through Embu is easier and faster since the route is less steep therefore the County plans to put up some lodges near this route for Mountain climbers. The County is looking into partnering with investors to put up a planetarium in the area