The Central Bank of Libya (CBL) is the monetary authority in Libya. It has the status of an autonomous corporate body. The law establishing the CBL stipulates that the objectives of the central bank shall be to maintain monetary stability in Libya and to promote the sustained growth of the economy in accordance with the general economic policy of the state.
The headquarters of the Central Bank are in Tripoli. However, to make the CBL services more accessible to commercial banks, branches and public departments located far from the headquarters. The CBL has three branches, located in Benghazi, Sabha and Sirte.
The CBL was founded in 1955 under Act no. 30 (1955) started its operations on 1 April 1956 under the name of National Bank of Libya, to replace the Libyan Currency committee which was established by the United Nations and other supervising countries in 1951 to ensure the well-being of the weak and poor Libyan economy.
The Bank’s name was changed to Bank of Libya under Act no. 4 (1963), then to its current name Central Bank of Libya after the 1969 coup d’état.
In March 2011, the governor of CBL, Farhat Bengdara, resigned and defected to the rebelling side of the Libyan Civil War, having first arranged for the bulk of external Libyan assets to be frozen and unavailable to the Gaddafi government.
On 6 December 2021, Tripoli-based Governor of the CBL Saddek Elkaber met with Bayda-based CBL governor, Ali Al-Hibri, who before the split had been Elkaber’s Deputy Governor, in Tunisia and agreed to start unification of the CBL. On 20 January 2022, Elkaber and Al-Hibri signed an agreement on a four-stage unification plan, with the appointment of Deloitte to oversee the process. On 20 August 2023, the bank officially announced the completion of its reunification under Elkaber and his deputy in the east, Maree Raheel.
This is list governors of The Central Bank of Libya since its establishment. |29 2018 The Bank endured twice an administration split, first during the first civil war, (February–August 2011), then from September 2014 on, as a result of the ongoing civil war.
|Name||tenure start||tenure end||Notes|
|Ali Aneizi||26 April 1955||26 March 1961|
|Khalil Bennani||27 March 1961||1 September 1969|
|Kassem Sherlala||20 September 1969||17 January 1981|
|Rajab El Msallati||18 January 1981||3 March 1986|
|Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab||4 January 1987||6 October 1990|
|Abd-al-Hafid Mahmud al-Zulaytini||7 October 1990||13 February 1996|
|Taher Al-Jehaimi||14 February 1996||22 March 2001|
|Ahmed Menesi||23 March 2001||5 March 2006|
|Farhat Bengdara||6 March 2006||6 March 2011|
|Abd-al-Hafid Mahmud al-Zulaytini||6 March 2011||2 April 2011||acting|
|Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab||2 April 2011||August 2011|
|Ahmed S. El Sharif||February 2011||April 2011||for NTC (in Benghazi)|
|Kassem Azzuz||April 2011||12 October 2011||for NTC (in Benghazi to Aug. 2011)|
|Saddek Elkaber||12 October 2011||for GNC, later PC since Sep. 2014|