Architecture (from Latin architectura; from Ancient Greek ἀρχιτέκτων (arkhitéktōn) ‘architect’; from ἀρχι- (arkhi-) ‘chief’, and τέκτων (téktōn) ‘creator’) is both the process and the product of sketching, conceiving, planning, designing, and constructing buildings or other structures. Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements. List of Best architecture schools in Ghana
The practice, which began in the prehistoric era, has been used as a way of expressing culture for civilizations on all seven continents. For this reason, architecture is considered to be a form of art. Texts on architecture have been written since ancient times. The earliest surviving text on architectural theories is the 1st century AD treatise De architectura by the Roman architect Vitruvius, according to whom a good building embodies firmitas, utilitas, and venustas (durability, utility, and beauty). Centuries later, Leon Battista Alberti developed his ideas further, seeing beauty as an objective quality of buildings to be found in their proportions. Giorgio Vasari wrote Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects and put forward the idea of style in the Western arts in the 16th century. In the 19th century, Louis Sullivan declared that “form follows function”. “Function” began to replace the classical “utility” and was understood to include not only practical but also aesthetic, psychological and cultural dimensions. The idea of sustainable architecture was introduced in the late 20th century.
Architecture began as rural, oral vernacular architecture that developed from trial and error to successful replication. Ancient urban architecture was preoccupied with building religious structures and buildings symbolizing the political power of rulers until Greek and Roman architecture shifted focus to civic virtues. Indian and Chinese architecture influenced forms all over Asia and Buddhist architecture in particular took diverse local flavors. In fact, During the European Middle Ages, pan-European styles of Romanesque and Gothic cathedrals and abbeys emerged while the Renaissance favored Classical forms implemented by architects known by name. Later, the roles of architects and engineers became separated. Modern architecture began after World War I as an avant-garde movement that sought to develop a completely new style appropriate for a new post-war social and economic order focused on meeting the needs of the middle and working classes. Emphasis was put on modern techniques, materials, and simplified geometric forms, paving the way for high-rise superstructures. Many architects became disillusioned with modernism which they perceived as ahistorical and anti-aesthetic, and postmodern and contemporary architecture developed.
Over the years, the field of architectural construction has branched out to include everything from ship design to interior decorating.
Here is a List of Best architecture schools in Ghana
- Department of architecture, Faculty of Art and Built Environment, Kwame Nkrumah Un of Science and Technology, Kumasi
- Department of architecture of the Faculty of Art and built engineering,university of Ghana, Accra
- Ghana Institute of Architects (GIA).
- ATTC (Accra Technical Training Centre)
- Accra Institute of Technology.
- Central University.
- Archiafrika Architecture And Design Gallery.
How do I become an architect in Ghana?
You need to obtain a bachelor’s degree in Architecture. In Ghana, there are few universities that offer BSc architecture. You will spend 4 years studying architecture before you are certified to become a professional architect in Ghana.
What are the three types of architecture?
The three orders of architecture, the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian—originated in Greece.
What are the basics of architecture?
The fundamental idea is the starting point of every design. The idea is formulated into the concept; the concept is expressed in the formal language; the form requires a particular material; space is given shape. Architecture is created.
Described in this manner, the design process seems simple and straightforward.
Do architects need math?
Architects must have a strong knowledge of mathematical principles, so they can effectively plan and design buildings and other structures. Students must take several math classes in college to obtain a degree in architecture.
What skills do you need for architecture?
design skills and knowledge.
knowledge of building and construction.
to be thorough and pay attention to detail.
thinking and reasoning skills.
customer service skills.
excellent verbal communication skills.
analytical thinking skills.
the ability to use your initiative.
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